A3 Book section, Chapters in research books
Religious Revival Movements and the Development of the Twentieth-century Welfare-state in Finland (2019)


Mangeloja, E. (2019). Religious Revival Movements and the Development of the Twentieth-century Welfare-state in Finland. In K. Sinnemäki, A. Portman, J. Tilli, & R. Nelson (Eds.), On the Legacy of Lutheranism in Finland : Societal Perspectives (pp. 220-236). Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura. Studia Fennica Historica, 25. https://oa.finlit.fi/site/books/10.21435/sfh.25/


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Mangeloja, Esa

Parent publication: On the Legacy of Lutheranism in Finland : Societal Perspectives

Parent publication editors: Sinnemäki, Kaius; Portman, Anneli; Tilli, Jouni; Nelson, Robert

ISBN: 978-951-858-135-5

eISBN: 978-951-858-150-8

Journal or series: Studia Fennica Historica

ISSN: 1458-526X

eISSN: 2669-9591

Publication year: 2019

Number in series: 25

Pages range: 220-236

Number of pages in the book: 346

Publisher: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura

Place of Publication: Helsinki

Publication country: Finland

Publication language: English

Persistent website address: https://oa.finlit.fi/site/books/10.21435/sfh.25/

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/66703


Abstract

The Lutheran state church had a monopoly status in Finland for centuries. But its dominance slowly weakened as pietistic revival movements spread in Finland in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. These movements had religious purposes, but they were also forerunners of profound social and economic changes in Finland in the twentieth century. In challenging the role of the state church, they challenged national unity, spread Western cultural values, emphasized individual rights, and improved the status of women in society. Men of political eminence, such as Anders Chydenius, introduced these influences on Finnish economic life. Overall, the revival movements helped to pave the way for the modern Finnish welfare state. During that process, the church lost some of its most important social responsibilities – health care, education and social work – as these tasks were assumed by the secular Finnish state.


Keywords: revivalist movements; Pietism; Lutheranism; state church; societal effects; societal change; welfare state; economic policy


Contributing organizations


Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2019

JUFO rating: 2


Last updated on 2021-22-10 at 10:53