A1 Journal article (refereed)
Self-reported health versus biomarkers : does unemployment lead to worse health? (2020)

Johansson, E., Böckerman, P., & Lundqvist, A. (2020). Self-reported health versus biomarkers : does unemployment lead to worse health?. Public Health, 179, 127-134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.10.005

The research was funded by Strategic Research Council at the Research Council of Finland.

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Johansson, E.; Böckerman, P.; Lundqvist, A.

Journal or series: Public Health

ISSN: 0033-3506

eISSN: 1476-5616

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 179

Pages range: 127-134

Publisher: Elsevier Ltd

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.10.005

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/68355


This paper examines the relationship between unemployment and health using both subjective and biometric information on health status.

Study design
Longitudinal panel data.

We compare the results of regressions of unemployment on self-reported health with those of regressions of unemployment on health as measured with biomarkers (hypertension and levels of blood glucose and C-reactive protein). Using the panel structure of our data, we account for selection bias with respect to unemployment by controlling for health before exposure to unemployment.

We observe a striking pattern. Using self-reported health as the outcome variable, we find a link between unemployment and worse health. By contrast, we are unable to establish the same link using biometric information on health.

In conclusion, our results indicate a substantial discrepancy between self-reported health and health as measured by biomarkers.

Keywords: unemployment; self-rated health; state of health; biomarkers

Free keywords: unemployment; self-assessed health; biomarkers

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2023-03-10 at 14:44