D4 Published development or research report or study
Epätyypilliset työajat ja työntekijöiden hyvinvointi (2019)

Oinas, Tomi; Anttila, Timo; Mustosmäki, Armi (2019). Epätyypilliset työajat ja työntekijöiden hyvinvointi. Jyväskylän yliopisto. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-951-39-7803-7

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Oinas, Tomi; Anttila, Timo; Mustosmäki, Armi

ISBN: 978-951-39-7802-0

eISBN: 978-951-39-7803-7

Publication year: 2019

Number of pages in the book: 48

Publisher: Jyväskylän yliopisto; Työsuojelurahasto

Publication country: Finland

Publication language: Finnish

Persistent website address: http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-951-39-7803-7

Open Access: Publication published in an open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-951-39-7803-7


In this project we look at how post-industrial, service economy changes work and leisure practices, and what effect it has on the welfare of employees. We look at well-being from a social and health perspective. The topic is important, as much of the public debate on atypical working hours is based more on assumptions than on empirical research. The problem with previous surveys has been the reliable identification of atypical working hours. Traditionally, employees have been asked about their work hours at a general level e.g. during the previous month or week. In this study, we use the rich material provided by time-use studies to describe changes in the timing of work. Time use diaries can be used to create an overall picture of the daily and weekly working hours of employed persons i.e. how often people work on evening, night and weekend. The versatile information provided by time use data has been increasingly used in the international studies on working life, but so far the utilization of time-use data in Finland has been limited. In this report, we summarize the results of the research based on article manuscripts or published in the form of research articles. The results of the research project indicate a slow shift in the timing of work. The daily rhythm still rests on 'eight to four' or 'nine to five' working time norm. The weekly work cycle also continues to be based on a five-day week and a free weekend. The effects of atypical working hours were manifold. Especially the time fathers' spend with their children increased if he worked during atypical hours. Working on weekends affected other time use. Work during Saturdays and Sundays makes weekend time use more similar with weekdays. Atypical working hours were also found to increase the risk of divorce over a 10-year follow-up period. All in all, the results show that the role of atypical working hours is twofold: on the one hand, they create new and more equal opportunities for organizing everyday life, but on the other hand they also bring real risks.

Keywords: working hours; working conditions; well-being at work; shift work; well-being; effects (results); social relations; health

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2019

Last updated on 2020-09-07 at 11:50