D4 Published development or research report or study
School Tracking and Mental Health (2019)

Böckerman, P., Haapanen, M., Jepsen, C., & Roulet, A. (2019). School Tracking and Mental Health. IZA Institute of Labor Economics. IZA Discussion Papers, 12733. http://ftp.iza.org/dp12733

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Böckerman, Petri; Haapanen, Mika; Jepsen, Christopher; Roulet, Alexandra

Journal or series: IZA Discussion Papers

eISSN: 2365-9793

Publication year: 2019

Number in series: 12733

Number of pages in the book: 57

Publisher: IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Place of Publication: Bonn

Publication country: Germany

Publication language: English

Persistent website address: http://ftp.iza.org/dp12733

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/67387


We examine the effects of a comprehensive school reform on mental health. The reform postponed the tracking of students into vocational and academic schools from age 11 to age 16. The reform was implemented gradually across Finnish municipalities between 1972 and 1977. We use difference-in-differences variation and administrative data. Our results show that there is no discernible effect on mental health related hospitalizations on average even though the effect is precisely estimated. Heterogeneity analysis shows that, after the reform, females from highly-educated families were more likely to be hospitalized for depression.

Keywords: school reform; comprehensive school; public health; mental health; depression (mental disorders)

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2019

Last updated on 2021-09-06 at 08:02