A1 Journal article (refereed)
Adaptive Number Knowledge in Secondary School Students : Profiles and Antecedents (2019)

McMullen, J., Kanerva, K., Lehtinen, E., Hannula-Sormunen, M. M., & Kiuru, N. (2019). Adaptive Number Knowledge in Secondary School Students : Profiles and Antecedents. Journal of Numerical Cognition, 5(3), 283-300. https://doi.org/10.5964/jnc.v5i3.201

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: McMullen, Jake; Kanerva, Kaisa; Lehtinen, Erno; Hannula-Sormunen, Minna M.; Kiuru, Noona

Journal or series: Journal of Numerical Cognition

eISSN: 2363-8761

Publication year: 2019

Volume: 5

Issue number: 3

Pages range: 283-300

Publisher: PsychOpen

Publication country: Germany

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5964/jnc.v5i3.201

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/67398


The present study aims to examine inter-individual differences in adaptive number knowledge in secondary school students. Adaptive number knowledge is defined as a well-connected network of knowledge of numerical characteristics and arithmetic relations. Substantial and relevant qualitative differences in the strategies and expression of adaptive number knowledge have been found in primary school students still in the process of learning arithmetic. We present a study involving 879 seventh-grade students that examines the structure of individual differences in adaptive number knowledge with students who have completed one year of algebra instruction. Results of a latent profile analysis reveal a model that is similar than was previously found in primary school students. As well, arithmetic fluency and the development of arithmetic fluency are strong predictors of adaptive number knowledge latent profile membership. These results suggest that adaptive number knowledge may be characteristic of high-level performance extending into secondary school, even after formal instruction with arithmetic concludes.

Keywords: mathematical skills; numerical literacy; upper comprehensive school pupils

Free keywords: adaptive number knowledge; arithmetic development; individual differences; latent profile analysis; adaptive expertise

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2019

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2023-23-01 at 10:05