A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Are long-haul truck drivers unusually alert? : a comparison with long-haul airline pilots (2020)


Sallinen, Mikael; Pylkkönen, Mia; Puttonen, Sampsa; Sihvola, Maria; Åkerstedt, Torbjörn (2020). Are long-haul truck drivers unusually alert? : a comparison with long-haul airline pilots. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 137, 105442. DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2020.105442


JYU-tekijät tai -toimittajat


Julkaisun tiedot

Julkaisun kaikki tekijät tai toimittajat: Sallinen, Mikael; Pylkkönen, Mia; Puttonen, Sampsa; Sihvola, Maria; Åkerstedt, Torbjörn

Lehti tai sarja: Accident Analysis and Prevention

ISSN: 0001-4575

eISSN: 1879-2057

Julkaisuvuosi: 2020

Volyymi: 137

Artikkelinumero: 105442

Kustantaja: Elsevier

Julkaisumaa: Britannia

Julkaisun kieli: englanti

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2020.105442

Avoin saatavuus: Julkaisukanava ei ole avoin


Tiivistelmä

Background
Recent studies suggest heavy vehicle drivers self-estimate their sleepiness unexpectedly low during night duties. The present study compared sleepiness ratings of long-haul truck drivers with those of long-haul airline pilots during night and non-night duties. In addition, the correspondence between self-rated manifest and predicted latent sleepiness was examined in the two groups.

Methods
Twenty-two drivers and 33 pilots participated. Their working hours, sleep, on-duty sleepiness, and use of sleepiness countermeasures were measured in naturalistic conditions. Predictions of latent sleepiness were based on the measurements of working hours and sleep using the Sleep/Wake Predictor modelling tool.

Results
Drivers rated lower levels of sleepiness than pilots during both duty types, though predicted latent sleepiness levels were very similar among the two groups. Neither the results of sleep nor those of sleepiness countermeasures explained the difference in self-rated sleepiness.

Discussion
The results raise the possibility that long-haul truck drivers are actually sleepier than they report, and thus are at an increased risk for not responding to sleepiness in a timely manner. A potential explanation for this behavior is lack of education and training on sleepiness among truck drivers as compared with airline pilots. Alternatively, long-haul truck drivers may be exceptionally tolerant to soporific working conditions. The first reported results do not, however, support this hypothesis.


YSO-asiasanat: autonkuljettajat; rekka-autonkuljettajat; lentäjät; työaika; yötyö; vireys; väsymys; itsearviointi

Vapaat asiasanat: professional drivers; working hours; sleepiness; road transportation; commercial aviation


Liittyvät organisaatiot

JYU-yksiköt:


OKM-raportointi: Kyllä

Raportointivuosi: 2020

Alustava JUFO-taso: 2


Viimeisin päivitys 2020-09-07 klo 23:09