A1 Journal article (refereed)
The Effect of 16-Minute Thermal Stress and 2-Minute Cold Water Immersion on the Physiological Parameters of Young Sedentary Men (2020)


Podstawski, Robert; Borysławski, Krzysztof; Clark, Cain C. T.; Laukkanen, Jari A.; Gronek, Piotr (2020). The Effect of 16-Minute Thermal Stress and 2-Minute Cold Water Immersion on the Physiological Parameters of Young Sedentary Men. Montenegrin Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 9 (1), 57-65. DOI: 10.26773/mjssm.200308


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Podstawski, Robert; Borysławski, Krzysztof; Clark, Cain C. T.; Laukkanen, Jari A.; Gronek, Piotr

Journal or series: Montenegrin Journal of Sports Science and Medicine

ISSN: 1800-8755

eISSN: 1800-8763

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 9

Issue number: 1

Pages range: 57-65

Publisher: Montenegrin Sports Academy

Publication country: Montenegro

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26773/mjssm.200308

Open Access: Publication published in an open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/67791


Abstract

This study aimed to determine the effect of 16 minutes of thermal stress followed by 2 minutes of cold water immersion on the physiological parameters of fifty-five sedentary men (mean age 20.15±1.30 years), who were exposed to 16 minutes of sauna (temperature: 90-91℃; relative humidity: 14-16%) followed by 2 minutes of cold water immersion (12℃). The participants' somatic characteristics were determined before entering the sauna, and their body mass and blood pressure were measured before and after sauna treatment. Physiological parameters were monitored during the 16-minute sauna session and the 2-minute cold water immersion (CRIO) or shower. The subjects perspired 0.21-0.27 litres during the 18-minute session. Heart rate values did not differ significantly between groups during the 16-minute sauna session, but significantly (p<0.001) lower HR values were noted in the CRIO group than in the control group (68.6:105.7 and 57.5:90.7 bpm). The values of SBP and DBP did not differ significantly between groups before the sauna but were significantly (p<0.001) lower in the CRIO group after sauna (SBP – 122.0:127.3 mmHg, DBP – 89.9:76.3 mmHg). In both groups, the participants remained within the easy effort range during most of the 18-minute session (650.9 and 492.6 s). A 16-minute sauna session followed by 2 minutes of cold water immersion induces a significantly greater decrease in HR and BP (SBP and DBP) than a 16-minute sauna session followed by 30 seconds in the shower and a 90 s resting period. During cold water immersion, HR values often decrease to the bradycardia range. Heart rate increased steadily in both groups.


Keywords: sauna bathing; thermotherapy; cryotherapy; physiological effects; men; body composition

Free keywords: Finnish sauna; cryotherapy; sedentary men; physiological parameters; somatic features; body composition


Contributing organizations


Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020


Last updated on 2020-18-08 at 13:10