A1 Journal article (refereed)
Tukea tarvitsevien lasten vapaa-ajan liikunta-aktiivisuus, ohjattu liikunnan harrastaminen ja liikunnan esteet (2020)

Pikkupeura, V., Asunta, P., Villberg, J., & Rintala, P. (2020). Tukea tarvitsevien lasten vapaa-ajan liikunta-aktiivisuus, ohjattu liikunnan harrastaminen ja liikunnan esteet. Liikunta ja tiede, 57(1), 62-69. https://www.lts.fi/media/liikunta-tiede-lehden-artikkelit/1_2020/lt_1_2020_s62-69.pdf

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Pikkupeura, Vilma; Asunta, Piritta; Villberg, Jari; Rintala, Pauli

Journal or series: Liikunta ja tiede

ISSN: 0358-7010

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 57

Issue number: 1

Pages range: 62-69

Publisher: Liikuntatieteellinen seura

Publication country: Finland

Publication language: Finnish

Persistent website address: https://www.lts.fi/media/liikunta-tiede-lehden-artikkelit/1_2020/lt_1_2020_s62-69.pdf

Publication open access: Other way freely accessible online

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/67790


Health behavior of children and adolescents have been studied for decades in several nationwide surveys but children and adolescents who were studying in a special school or in a special class settings have been excluded from those studies. The project called ”Participation of pupils with disabilities and long-term illnesses in surveys of physical activity behavior (2017–2018)” (Finnish abbreviation, TUTKA), examined the amount of physical activity in leisure time, organized sport participation and barriers to physical activity of children and adolescents who were studying in special educational classes or in special educational schools. Children and adolescents who were studying in special educational schools or in special educational classes of a general school (n=889) answered electronically to physical activity and health behavior questionnaire during one class period. The physical activity questions dealt with mobility restrictions children and youth experienced, the amount of physical activity and sport club participation, as well as barriers to exercising. There were three questionnaires (S, M, L) for students with different types of special support needs. Easy-toread language was available in S- and M-questionnaires, and the number of questions and the range of response choices increased from S to L. Almost half (43 %) of the children reported to be physically active every day. However, only 22 % reported to meet the physical activity recommendation (at least 60 minutes of physical activity every day). Over a third (38 %) of children and adolescents participated in organized sport. The youngest children were involved more often than older ones. The most common barriers to physical activity were: ´exercise is boring´ and ´exercise is too competitive´. Sport clubs, sport services of communities and other sports promoters should offer more accessible physical activity opportunities, in order to offer children and youth with disabilities equal opportunities to be physically active compared to those without any disabilities.

Keywords: disability; children (age groups); disabilities; health behaviour; young people; physical training

Free keywords: liikuntakäyttäytyminen

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 14:49