A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
The Scales of Psychological Well-Being : a validation, usability and test-retest study among community-dwelling older people in Finland (2021)

Saajanaho, M., Kokko, K., Pynnönen, K., Tourunen, A., Törmäkangas, T., Portegijs, E., & Rantanen, T. (2021). The Scales of Psychological Well-Being : a validation, usability and test-retest study among community-dwelling older people in Finland. Aging and Mental Health, 25(5), 913-922. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2020.1725801

JYU-tekijät tai -toimittajat

Julkaisun tiedot

Julkaisun kaikki tekijät tai toimittajat: Saajanaho, Milla; Kokko, Katja; Pynnönen, Katja; Tourunen, Anu; Törmäkangas, Timo; Portegijs, Erja; Rantanen, Taina

Lehti tai sarja: Aging and Mental Health

ISSN: 1360-7863

eISSN: 1364-6915

Julkaisuvuosi: 2021

Volyymi: 25

Lehden numero: 5

Artikkelin sivunumerot: 913-922

Kustantaja: Routledge

Julkaisumaa: Britannia

Julkaisun kieli: englanti

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2020.1725801

Julkaisun avoin saatavuus: Ei avoin

Julkaisukanavan avoin saatavuus:

Julkaisu on rinnakkaistallennettu (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/68542


Objectives: To validate the Finnish version of the 42-item Scales of Psychological Well-Being among community-dwelling older people. The study also examined the test-retest reliability and usability, i.e. user experience, of the scales in this age group.

Method: The 42-item version of the SPWB was administered as part of a face-to-face interview among 968 men and women aged 75, 80 or 85 years. The subsample for test–retest analyses comprised 42 participants, who in addition to 11 interviewers also answered questions concerning the usability of the scales. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, Cronbach’s alpha coefficients, Pearson and intra-class correlation coefficients, and Kendal’s Tau B were used in the analyses.

Results: The factor analyses did not support the theory-based six-factor structure of the scales. The Cronbach’s alphas showed high internal consistency reliability for the total scale, but modest for the subscales. The intercorrelations between the subscales were moderate. The total score and the subscale scores of the SPWB correlated positively with quality of life and life satisfaction, and negatively with depressive symptoms. The interviewers reported that while most of the participants responded to the scales without marked difficulties, others could only answer after clarifications of some statements.

Discussion: The reliability of the 42-item version of the SPWB was modest. The factor structure was inconsistent among the three age groups studied, but the scales were feasible to use. The current results call for further methodological consideration to optimize assessment of eudaimonic well-being in old age.

YSO-asiasanat: hyvinvointi (terveydellinen); psykometriikka; ikääntyminen

Vapaat asiasanat: eudaimonic well-being; psychometrics; aging

Liittyvät organisaatiot

Hankkeet, joissa julkaisu on tehty

OKM-raportointi: Kyllä

Raportointivuosi: 2021

Alustava JUFO-taso: 1

Viimeisin päivitys 2021-20-09 klo 16:21