A3 Book section, Chapters in research books
Online Expression, Personal Cybersecurity Costs, and the Specter of Cybercrime (2020)

Rauhala, J., Tyrväinen, P., & Zaidenberg, N. (2020). Online Expression, Personal Cybersecurity Costs, and the Specter of Cybercrime. In M. Khosrow-Pour (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Criminal Activities and the Deep Web (pp. 990-1002). IGI Global. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-5225-9715-5.ch067

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Rauhala, Juhani; Tyrväinen, Pasi; Zaidenberg, Nezer

Parent publication: Encyclopedia of Criminal Activities and the Deep Web

Parent publication editors: Khosrow-Pour, Mehdi

ISBN: 978-1-5225-9715-5

eISBN: 978-1-5225-9716-2

Publication year: 2020

Pages range: 990-1002

Number of pages in the book: 1162

Publisher: IGI Global

Publication country: United States

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-5225-9715-5.ch067

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/67945


The internet is used increasingly as a platform both for free expression and e-commerce. The internet has unique security and privacy risks. Such risks include the threat of criminal cyberattacks, including hacking and doxing. Internet users have a variety of attitudes towards the security and privacy risks involved with using the internet and distinct concerns and behaviors with regard to expressing themselves online. In order to mitigate the security and privacy risks of the internet, some internet users spend valuable time thinking about and configuring the security settings of their devices. They may also have different attitudes towards personal spending of money for cybersecurity products and services. This article presents a survey of research and describes a research model to address these issues. Latent factors are proposed for expression reluctance, attitude toward personal cybersecurity purchasing, and attitude toward time expenditure on cybersecurity. The authors also present the results of an analysis using two of the factors.

Keywords: online services; Internet; cyber security; cyber crime; risks; privacy; self-expression; consumer behaviour

Free keywords: cybercrime; cybersecurity; online expression; time consumption; personal cybersecurity spending; privacy concerns; frustration; risk avoidance

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2021-09-08 at 16:20