A3 Book section, Chapters in research books
Pulp and Paper (2019)

Alén, R. (2019). Pulp and Paper. In P. Worsfold, C. Poole, A. Townshend, & M. Miró (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Analytical Science (3rd ed., pp. 425-431). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-409547-2.14014-4

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Alén, Raimo

Parent publication: Encyclopedia of Analytical Science

Parent publication editors: Worsfold, Paul; Poole, Colin; Townshend, Alan; Miró, Manuel

ISBN: 978-0-08-101984-9

Edition: 3rd ed.

Publication year: 2019

Pages range: 425-431

Number of pages in the book: 5109

Publisher: Elsevier

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-409547-2.14014-4

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:


The pulp and paper industry, based on vast and multidisciplinary technology, is an important branch of industry worldwide. Today, growing efforts are being made to produce increasingly large volumes of end products using less raw material, chemicals, water, and energy, but without compromising on quality. Hence, on-line and off-line controlling the quality characteristics of feedstock materials and products leads to improved competitiveness with regard to production efficiency, product quality, and environmental impacts. This short overview deals with the main features of relevant analytical procedures commonly employed for characterization of pulp, paper, and board without going into experimental details. The emphasis is paid on the most important standardized laboratory testing primarily measuring various strength, optical, and chemical properties. However, it is evident that gradually new improved analytical methods, originally developed for research purposes, are currently emerging and replacing many of the traditional ones in practical applications. Additionally, several analytical techniques principally developed for various process liquors, such as kraft black liquor and papermaking waters, are also briefly discussed. These analysis data are essential to get a more coherent picture of the area as a whole.

Keywords: analytical chemistry; chemical technology; pulping; papermaking; chemical wood pulp; paper; optical properties; physical properties; black liquor; industrial sewage; methods of analysis; testing methods

Free keywords: black liquor; board; chemical analyses; optical properties; paper; papermaking; physical properties; process waters; pulp; pulping; test methods; test standards; wet-end chemistry

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2019

JUFO rating: 2

Last updated on 2021-09-06 at 15:39