A1 Journal article (refereed)
Multiple job holding, societal change, and individual careers : contributions to the chaos theory of careers (2020)

Järvensivu, A., & Pulkki, J. (2020). Multiple job holding, societal change, and individual careers : contributions to the chaos theory of careers. Australian Journal of Career Development, 29(1), 67-76. https://doi.org/10.1177/1038416219886710

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Järvensivu, Anu; Pulkki, Jutta

Journal or series: Australian Journal of Career Development

ISSN: 1038-4162

eISSN: 2200-6974

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 29

Issue number: 1

Pages range: 67-76

Publisher: Sage Publications

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1038416219886710

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:


The chaos theory of careers was applied to identify the connections between multiple jobholders’ careers and societal change. Multiple job holding is a form of employment that consists of two or more overlapping jobs. Six interviews with men born in the 1960s in Finnish North Karelia, whose multiple job holding included agricultural and forestry work, were analyzed. Our results showed that multiple job holding career development has societal connections and that the experiences of multiple job holding varied across individuals. Moreover, multiple job holding experiences and further career development endeavors were influenced by whether the multiple job holding career developed in line with or counter to societal changes. The study contributes to the chaos theory of careers by showing that self-similar fractal shapes can be identified both in individual careers and in societal changes by studying connective metaphors.

Keywords: career; career development; multiprofessional work; complexity; societal change; agriculture; forestry

Free keywords: chaos theory of careers; multiple job holding; complexity; fractal; metaphors

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2021-07-07 at 21:38