A1 Journal article (refereed)
Deformations of Bi-conformal Energy and a New Characterization of Quasiconformality (2020)

Iwaniec, Tadeusz; Onninen, Jani; Zhu, Zheng (2020). Deformations of Bi-conformal Energy and a New Characterization of Quasiconformality. Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis, 236 (3), 1709-1737. DOI: 10.1007/s00205-020-01502-w

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Iwaniec, Tadeusz; Onninen, Jani; Zhu, Zheng

Journal or series: Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis

ISSN: 0003-9527

eISSN: 1432-0673

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 236

Issue number: 3

Pages range: 1709-1737

Publisher: Springer

Publication country: Germany

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00205-020-01502-w

Open Access: Publication channel is not openly available

Web address of parallel published publication (pre-print): https://arxiv.org/abs/1904.03793


The concept of hyperelastic deformations of bi-conformal energy is developed as an extension of quasiconformality. These deformations are homeomorphisms h : X onto −→ Y between domains X, Y ⊂ Rn of the Sobolev class W 1,n loc (X, Y) whose inverse f def == h−1 : Y onto −→ X also belongs to W 1,n loc (Y, X). Thus the paper opens new topics in Geometric Function Theory (GFT) with connections to mathematical models of Nonlinear Elasticity (NE). In seeking differences and similarities with quasiconformal mappings we examine closely the modulus of continuity of deformations of bi-conformal energy. This leads us to a new characterization of quasiconformality. Specifically, it is observed that quasiconformal mappings behave locally at every point like radial stretchings; if a quasiconformal map h admits a function φ as its optimal modulus of continuity at a point x◦ , then f = h−1 admits the inverse function ψ = φ−1 as its modulus of continuity at y◦ = h(x◦). That is to say, a poor (possibly harmful) continuity of h at a given point x◦ is always compensated by a better continuity of f at y◦ , and vice versa. Such a gain/loss property, seemingly overlooked by many authors, is actually characteristic of quasiconformal mappings. It turns out that the elastic deformations of bi-conformal energy are very different in this respect. Unexpectedly, such a map may have the same optimal modulus of continuity as its inverse deformation. In line with Hooke’s Law, when trying to restore the original shape of the body (by the inverse transformation), the modulus of continuity may neither be improved nor become worse. However, examples to confirm this phenomenon are far from being obvious; indeed, elaborate computations are on the way. We eventually hope that our examples will gain an interest in the materials science, particularly in mathematical models of hyperelasticity.

Keywords: complex analysis; functional analysis

Free keywords: hyperelastic deformations of bi-conformal energy; quasiconformality

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

Preliminary JUFO rating: 3

Last updated on 2020-09-07 at 23:09