A1 Journal article (refereed)
Disconnected Lives : Trends in Time Spent Alone in Finland (2020)

Anttila, Timo; Selander, Kirsikka; Oinas, Tomi (2020). Disconnected Lives : Trends in Time Spent Alone in Finland. Social Indicators Research, 150 (2), 711-730. DOI: 10.1007/s11205-020-02304-z

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Anttila, Timo; Selander, Kirsikka; Oinas, Tomi

Journal or series: Social Indicators Research

ISSN: 0303-8300

eISSN: 1573-0921

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 150

Issue number: 2

Pages range: 711-730

Publisher: Springer

Publication country: Netherlands

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-020-02304-z

Open Access: Open access publication published in a hybrid channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/68260


Discussions about social isolation have been extensive over the past few decades. A less sociable nature of social ties has been identified in Western societies. The phenomenon has been associated with demographic changes such as aging and living alone as well as changes in the use of new technologies. In this study we employ representative Finnish Time Use Surveys from three decades, 1987–1988 (n = 1887), 1999–2000 (n = 2673) and 2009–2010 (n = 1887) to examine the trends in social isolation, measured as time spent alone. Our results showed that between 1987 and 2010 the time spent alone increased by 124 min per day. The increase was linear and occurred in nearly all population groups. Structural factors, such as aging and an increase in the number of single households, are strongly associated with increased time spent alone. Time spent alone has increased, especially during leisure activities. Specifically, time spent watching television and using computers is associated with the decreasing tendency for face-to-face interaction.

Keywords: social relations; social isolation; people living alone; time use; technology

Free keywords: social isolation; time use; time spent alone; technology; Finland

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Preliminary JUFO rating: 2

Last updated on 2020-18-08 at 13:29