A1 Journal article (refereed)
“It Is Like Compulsory to Go, but It Is still pretty Nice” : Young Children’s Views on Physical Activity Parenting and the Associated Motivational Regulation (2020)


Laukkanen, Arto; Sääkslahti, Arja; Aunola, Kaisa (2020). “It Is Like Compulsory to Go, but It Is still pretty Nice” : Young Children’s Views on Physical Activity Parenting and the Associated Motivational Regulation. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17 (7), 2315. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17072315


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Laukkanen, Arto; Sääkslahti, Arja; Aunola, Kaisa

Journal or series: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

ISSN: 1661-7827

eISSN: 1660-4601

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 17

Issue number: 7

Article number: 2315

Publisher: MDPI

Publication country: Switzerland

Publication language: English

DOI: http://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072315

Open Access: Publication published in an open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/68427


Abstract

Physical activity parenting (PAP) is consistently correlated with children’s physical activity (PA). Children’s perception of PAP has garnered little attention given that it mediates the relationship between PAP and child PA outcomes. This study aimed to examine 7–10-year-old children’s perspectives on PAP practices and how they relate to their motivational regulation of PA. A total of 79 children 7–10 years of age participated in 19 semi-structured focus group interviews. Through qualitative theory-guided content analysis, using frameworks of parenting dimensions and self-determination theory (SDT), we found that children’s perceptions of high responsiveness and low demandingness in PAP—according to SDT, autonomy support, involvement, and structure—were associated with satisfaction of all three psychological basic needs—autonomy, competence, and relatedness. In contrast, perceptions of high demandingness and low responsiveness in PAP, i.e., coercive control, were associated with dissatisfaction of autonomy need. However, perceptions of high demandingness and high responsiveness in PAP, specifically parental expectations and facilitation of PA, were associated with satisfaction of competence need. It seems possible to identify different types of PAP practices associated with children’s motivation for PA. Different forms of parental demandingness with differing motivational outcomes were uniquely identified from the children’s perceptions of PAP.


Keywords: physical activeness; parenthood; children (family members); children (age groups); physical training; motivation (mental objects); motivational climate; motivation (activity); qualitative research

Free keywords: physical activity parenting; physical activity; parental control; children; motivation; motivational climate; qualitative research


Contributing organizations


Related projects

The Active Family
Sääkslahti, Arja
Ministry of Education and Culture
01/04/2018-31/12/2021


Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

Preliminary JUFO rating: 1


Last updated on 2020-18-08 at 13:47