A1 Journal article (refereed)
Promoting sixth graders’ credibility Evaluation of Web pages : An intervention study (2020)

Hämäläinen, E. K., Kiili, C., Marttunen, M., Räikkönen, E., González-Ibáñez, R., & Leppänen, P. H. (2020). Promoting sixth graders’ credibility Evaluation of Web pages : An intervention study. Computers in Human Behavior, 110, Article 106372. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2020.106372

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Hämäläinen, Elina K.; Kiili, Carita; Marttunen, Miika; Räikkönen, Eija; González-Ibáñez, Roberto; Leppänen, Paavo H.T.

Journal or series: Computers in Human Behavior

ISSN: 0747-5632

eISSN: 1873-7692

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 110

Article number: 106372

Publisher: Elsevier

Publication country: United States

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2020.106372

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/69645


This study investigated whether a teacher-led intervention program on online inquiry improved sixth graders' performance in a credibility evaluation task. Students (N = 342) were divided into two conditions, an intervention group (190 students) and a control group (152 students). The intervention program (21 × 45 min lessons) was implemented during a six-week course as a part of normal schoolwork. The program included explicit teaching of online inquiry skills: searching for information (3 lessons), evaluating credibility (3 lessons), and synthesizing information (3 lessons). In addition, the skills taught were applied in two online inquiry projects comprising 12 lessons in total. The control group received business-as-usual teaching. Students’ performance in the credibility evaluation task was measured before and after the program by pre and post-tests. In both tests, students evaluated three Web pages dealing with two topics (Computer Gaming and Reading on Screen) varying in their perspectives and argumentation. Students rated the credibility of each Web page and justified their ratings. Topic order was counterbalanced in both conditions. The background variables (Pre-test scores, Reading comprehension, Reading fluency, Gender, Topic order, and Test order in the pre-test) were controlled for in the multilevel negative binomial regression analysis. The results showed that the intervention program helped students better justify their credibility ratings by reference to source features but not to the argumentation or other aspects of the content compared to controls. Instructional implications of the findings are discussed.

Keywords: information retrieval; online material; Internet; evaluation; reliability (general); information literacy; media literacy; intervention study; young people

Free keywords: evaluation; Internet; intervention; adolescents; online reading

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

JUFO rating: 2

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 15:50