A1 Journal article (refereed)
The emission reduction potentials of First Generation Electric Aircraft (FGEA) in Finland (2020)

Baumeister, Stefan; Leung, Abraham; Ryley, Tim (2020). The emission reduction potentials of First Generation Electric Aircraft (FGEA) in Finland. Journal of Transport Geography, 85, 102730. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2020.102730

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Baumeister, Stefan; Leung, Abraham; Ryley, Tim

Journal or series: Journal of Transport Geography

ISSN: 0966-6923

eISSN: 1873-1236

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 85

Article number: 102730

Publisher: Elsevier

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2020.102730

Open Access: Publication channel is not openly available

Publication channel open access:

Publication open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/68820


Under the looming climate crisis, aviation needs to find new solutions to cut its greenhouse gas emissions. One pathway towards zero emissions is the use of electric aircraft. While current battery technology will not allow for medium and long-haul flights at full capacity, on short-haul routes First Generation Electric Aircraft (FGEA) could play a significant role in the near future. Current FGEA under development could carry 9–19 passengers on distances of 400–1046 km by 2025. This study focuses on the emissions reduction potentials of FGEA in Finland. It compares the carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2-eq) emissions and real travel times (RTT) from door-to-door of FGEA on 47 routes with existing aircraft, train and car transport modes, as well as with proposed high-speed rail (HSR) and electric vehicle implementation. The study found that replacing all existing aircraft with FGEA can clearly be recommended as it would result in a reduction of CO2-eq emissions and RTT. Existing cars should only be replaced by FGEA on routes beyond 170 km. The replacement of existing trains by FGEA under the current energy mix is not recommended. However, once electricity could be provided from renewable energy sources exclusively, it would become feasible to replace existing trains on distances beyond 170 km and HSR beyond 400 km with FGEA.

Keywords: climate changes; greenhouse gases; emissions; aviation sector; airplanes; electricity; electric vehicles

Free keywords: modal shift; climate change; greenhouse gas emissions; electric aviation, travel time

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

Preliminary JUFO rating: 2

Last updated on 2020-18-08 at 13:01