A1 Journal article (refereed)
Psychological resilience and active aging among older people with mobility limitations (2021)

Siltanen, S., Tourunen, A., Saajanaho, M., Palmberg, L., Portegijs, E., & Rantanen, T. (2021). Psychological resilience and active aging among older people with mobility limitations. European Journal of Ageing, 18(1), 65-74. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10433-020-00569-4

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsSiltanen, Sini; Tourunen, Anu; Saajanaho, Milla; Palmberg, Lotta; Portegijs, Erja; Rantanen, Taina

Journal or seriesEuropean Journal of Ageing



Publication year2021


Issue number1

Pages range65-74


Publication countryGermany

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/69068


Active aging refers to striving for well-being through preferred activity and may be restricted with declining mobility. We investigated whether psychological resilience, i.e., the ability to tolerate hardship, can aid older people in being active despite mobility limitations. Participants were 961 community-dwelling persons aged 75, 80, or 85 years living in Jyväskylä, Central Finland. Mobility limitations were indicated as self-reported difficulty in walking 2 km. Categories were no difficulty (reference), difficulty, and unable to walk. Resilience was assessed with the 10-item Connor–Davidson Resilience Scale and active aging with the University of Jyvaskyla Active Aging scale. Data were analyzed with OLS regression analyses, which were stratified by age. In all age-groups, having difficulties walking or being unable to walk 2 km was associated with lower active aging scores. Resilience moderated this association especially among the 75-year-olds, but not among the 85-year-olds: The higher the resilience score, the higher the active aging score among those reporting no or some walking difficulties. Those unable to walk 2 km had lower active aging scores irrespective of resilience level. Psychological resilience may alleviate the negative effects of early phase walking difficulties on active aging but may be insufficient to compensate for more severe walking limitations that restrict not only function but also autonomy.

Keywordsolder peopleageingability to movewalking (motion)physical disabilitiesresiliencecopingadaptation (change)participation

Free keywordscoping; adaptation; walking; participation; successful aging

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2021

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-22-04 at 13:05