A1 Journal article (refereed)
Doping and Moral Disapprovals (2021)

Hämäläinen, M., Bloodworth, A., & Heikkinen, S. (2021). Doping and Moral Disapprovals. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy, 15(3), 331-348. https://doi.org/10.1080/17511321.2020.1762717

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Hämäläinen, Mika; Bloodworth, Andrew; Heikkinen, Suvi

Journal or series: Sport, Ethics and Philosophy

ISSN: 1751-1321

eISSN: 1751-133X

Publication year: 2021

Volume: 15

Issue number: 3

Pages range: 331-348

Publisher: Routledge

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17511321.2020.1762717

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/73926


This paper explores variance in how people morally disapprove wrongs related to doping. The variance may pertain to what type of moral disapproval a person uses or to what they disapprove of. Our exploration is both conceptual and empirical. Conceptually, we distinguish between four types of moral disapprovals that we call blame, judging blameworthy, condemnation and sadness. We elaborate these four moral phenomena through a conceptual scheme that we call the matrix of moral disapprovals. The matrix is the central conceptual innovation of our paper. It depicts how the four moral disapprovals relate to each other and characterises their typical instances. In the empirical part of the paper, we use the matrix of moral disapproval to examine how decision-makers in Finnish elite sport organisations talk about doping. The empirical examination is based on 31 interviews with decision-makers from Finnish elite sport organisations. Although we distinguish between the conceptual and empirical approaches in our paper, they are not fully separate, but support and inform each other.

Keywords: doping; morals; ethics; guilt; sports leaders

Free keywords: blame; condemnation; doping; moral philosophy; sadness

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 14:09