A1 Journal article (refereed)
Ultrarelativistic quark-nucleus scattering in a light-front Hamiltonian approach (2020)

Li, M., Zhao, X., Maris, P., Chen, G., Li, Y., Tuchin, K., & Vary, J. P. (2020). Ultrarelativistic quark-nucleus scattering in a light-front Hamiltonian approach. Physical Review D, 101(7), Article 076016. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.101.076016

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Li, Meijian; Zhao, Xingbo; Maris, Pieter; Chen, Guangyao; Li, Yang; Tuchin, Kirill; Vary, James P.

Journal or series: Physical Review D

ISSN: 2470-0010

eISSN: 2470-0029

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 101

Issue number: 7

Article number: 076016

Publisher: American Physical Society

Publication country: United States

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.101.076016

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/69055

Web address of parallel published publication (pre-print): https://arxiv.org/abs/2002.09757


We investigate the scattering of a quark on a heavy nucleus at high energies using the time-dependent basis light-front quantization (tBLFQ) formalism, which is the first application of the tBLFQ formalism in QCD. We present the real-time evolution of the quark wave function in a strong classical color field of the relativistic nucleus, described as the color glass condensate. The quark and the nucleus color field are simulated in the QCD SU(3) color space. We calculate the total and the differential cross sections, and the quark distribution in coordinate and color spaces using the tBLFQ approach. We recover the eikonal cross sections in the eikonal limit. We find that the differential cross section from the tBLFQ simulation is in agreement with a perturbative calculation at large p⊥, and it deviates from the perturbative calculation at small p⊥ due to higher-order contributions. In particular, we relax the eikonal limit by letting the quark carry realistic finite longitudinal momenta. We study the sub-eikonal effect on the quark through the transverse coordinate distribution of the quark with different longitudinal momentum, and we find the sub-eikonal effect to be sizable. Our results can significantly reduce the theoretical uncertainties in small p⊥ region which has important implications to the phenomenology of the hadron-nucleus and deep inelastic scattering at high energies.

Keywords: particle physics; nuclear physics; quarks; scattering (physics); quantum field theory

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Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

JUFO rating: 2

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 14:17