A1 Journal article (refereed)
Occurrence of antibiotics and antiretroviral drugs in source-separated urine, groundwater, surface water and wastewater in the peri-urban area of Chunga in Lusaka, Zambia (2020)


Ngumba, Elijah; Gachanja, Anthony; Nyirenda, James; Maldonado, Johanna; Tuhkanen, Tuula (2020). Occurrence of antibiotics and antiretroviral drugs in source-separated urine, groundwater, surface water and wastewater in the peri-urban area of Chunga in Lusaka, Zambia. Water SA, 46 (2), 278-284. DOI: 10.17159/wsa/2020.v46.i2.8243


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Ngumba, Elijah; Gachanja, Anthony; Nyirenda, James; Maldonado, Johanna; Tuhkanen, Tuula

Journal or series: Water SA

ISSN: 0378-4738

eISSN: 1816-7950

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 46

Issue number: 2

Article number: 278-284

Publisher: Water Research Commission

Publication country: South Africa

Publication language: English

DOI: http://doi.org/10.17159/wsa/2020.v46.i2.8243

Open Access: Publication published in an open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/69258


Abstract

Recently, there has been an increased interest in bridging the knowledge gap in the occurrence and fate of
pharmaceuticals in African urban water cycles. In this study, the occurrence of 7 antibiotics and 3 antiretrovirals
in source-separated urine, groundwater, wastewater and surface water of the peri-urban area of Chunga
in Lusaka, Zambia, was studied. In groundwater, the pharmaceuticals were only sporadically present with
4 antibiotics and 1 antiretroviral detected. The concentration of the antibiotics ranged from below limit of
quantification (


Keywords: sewage; surface water; groundwater; water pollution; medicinal substances; antibiotics; antibiotic resistance; concentration (chemical properties); wastewater load

Free keywords: antibiotics; antiretrovirals; wastewater; source-separated urine; groundwater


Contributing organizations


Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020


Last updated on 2020-18-08 at 13:26