A1 Journal article (refereed)
Muscular and Cardiorespiratory Fitness Are Associated With Health-Related Quality of Life Among Young Adult Men (2020)

Appelqvist-Schmidlechner, K., Vaara, J. P., Vasankari, T., Häkkinen, A., Mäntysaari, M., & Kyröläinen, H. (2020). Muscular and Cardiorespiratory Fitness Are Associated With Health-Related Quality of Life Among Young Adult Men. Bmc Public Health, 20, Article 842. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08969-y

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsAppelqvist-Schmidlechner, Kaija; Vaara, Jani P.; Vasankari, Tommi; Häkkinen, Arja; Mäntysaari, Matti; Kyröläinen, Heikki

Journal or seriesBmc Public Health


Publication year2020


Article number842

PublisherBiomed Central

Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessOpen Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/70365

Publication is parallel publishedhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7268218/


Despite numerous studies providing evidence for positive effects of physical activity and physical fitness, evidence for association between physical fitness and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in young adults is limited. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to investigate the association of cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness with HRQoL from the perspective of its physical and mental components among young adult Finnish males.
The sample consisted of 754 men, with the mean age of 26 years (SD 6.7 years), who participated in the military refresher training. HRQoL was measured using the Finnish RAND 36-item health survey. Cardiorespiratory fitness was determined by a bicycle ergometer test, and muscular fitness by various tests measuring maximal strength and muscular endurance. Logistic regression modelling was used to compare low, moderate and high physical and mental component of HRQoL scores to the respective levels of muscular and cardiorespiratory fitness.
The findings of the adjusted (age, educational level, marital status, employment status, smoking, use of alcohol and BMI) analysis showed that cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness are positively associated with both physical and mental components of HRQoL. In terms of the physical component of HRQoL, even a moderate fitness level was positively associated with better HRQoL. In terms of the mental component of HRQoL, the impact was seen only in the group with the highest fitness level.
The findings suggest a positive contribution of physical fitness to mental health and highlight the importance of both muscular and cardiorespiratory fitness in the promotion of HRQoL. Even lighter forms of physical activity that result in moderate physical fitness could contribute to the physical component of HRQoL. In terms of the mental component of HRQoL, higher levels of physical fitness may be needed to gain higher levels of HRQoL among young males.

Keywordsphysical fitnessmuscle fitnessphysical activityexperienced well-beingself-rated healthquality of lifemental healthyoung adultsmen

Free keywordscardiorespiratory fitness; health-related quality of life; mental health; muscular fitness; physical activity; physical fitness; young men

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2020

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 22:06