A1 Journal article (refereed)
Dialogue through the eyes : exploring teachers’ focus of attention during educational dialogue (2020)

Muhonen, H., Pakarinen, E., Rasku-Puttonen, H., & Lerkkanen, M.-K. (2020). Dialogue through the eyes : exploring teachers’ focus of attention during educational dialogue. International journal of educational research, 102, Article 101607. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijer.2020.101607

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Publication details

All authors or editors: Muhonen, Heli; Pakarinen, Eija; Rasku-Puttonen, Helena; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina

Journal or series: International journal of educational research

ISSN: 0883-0355

eISSN: 1873-538X

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 102

Article number: 101607

Publisher: Elsevier

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijer.2020.101607

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:


This study explored teachers’ focus of attention during educational dialogue. Teachers’ focus of attention was recorded in 54 Grade 1 classrooms using Tobii Pro Glasses 2 mobile eye-tracking device. From the video recordings, episodes of educational dialogue were identified and categorised by quality. Teacher’s focus of attention on students was examined during the dialogue episodes. Results showed that teachers allocated their attention relatively unevenly among the students. More students got visual attention during high-quality educational dialogue than during moderate-quality dialogue. This study provides insight into the quality of educational dialogue by combining assessment of the verbal dialogue with observations of the non-verbal focus of teacher’s attention in classroom.

Keywords: teaching situation; classroom work; eye tracking; attention; teachers; school children

Free keywords: educational dialogue; focus of attention; eye tracking; teacher; student

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Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

JUFO rating: 2

Last updated on 2023-03-10 at 10:24