A1 Journal article (refereed)
Iʿtibārī Concepts in Suhrawardī : The Case of Substance (2020)

Kaukua, J. (2020). Iʿtibārī Concepts in Suhrawardī : The Case of Substance. Oriens : Journal of Philosophy, Theology and Science in Islamic Societies, 48(1-2), 40-66. https://doi.org/10.1163/18778372-04801003

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsKaukua, Jari

Journal or seriesOriens : Journal of Philosophy, Theology and Science in Islamic Societies



Publication year2020


Issue number1-2

Pages range40-66


Publication countryNetherlands

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/70167


Shihāb al-Dīn al-Suhrawardī (d. 587/1191) famously criticised the central concepts of Avicennian metaphysics as merely mind-dependent (or iʿtibārī) notions. This paper aims to show that despite his critique, Suhrawardī held that these concepts are meaningful, indeed necessary for human cognition. By the same token, it is argued that their re-emergence in Suhrawardī’s ishrāqī metaphysics is not a matter of incoherence. Although the paper’s findings can be generalised to hold of all iʿtibārī concepts, mutatis mutandis, our focus is on the concept of substance, mainly because of the importance of the concept of ‘dusky substance’ in ishrāqī metaphysics.

KeywordsArabic philosophymetaphysicsrealism (philosophy)conceptualism

Free keywordsSuhrawardī; Avicenna; iʿtibār

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Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2020

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 22:06