A1 Journal article (refereed)
Repositioning of the global epicentre of non-optimal cholesterol (2020)


NCD Risk Factor Collaboration. (2020). Repositioning of the global epicentre of non-optimal cholesterol. Nature, 582(7810), 73-77. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2338-1


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editorsNCD Risk Factor Collaboration

Journal or seriesNature

ISSN0028-0836

eISSN1476-4687

Publication year2020

Volume582

Issue number7810

Pages range73-77

PublisherNature Publishing Group

Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish

DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2338-1

Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/70907

Publication is parallel publishedhttp://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8664471


Abstract

High blood cholesterol is typically considered a feature of wealthy western countries1,2. However, dietary and behavioural determinants of blood cholesterol are changing rapidly throughout the world3 and countries are using lipid-lowering medications at varying rates. These changes can have distinct effects on the levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and non-HDL cholesterol, which have different effects on human health4,5. However, the trends of HDL and non-HDL cholesterol levels over time have not been previously reported in a global analysis. Here we pooled 1,127 population-based studies that measured blood lipids in 102.6 million individuals aged 18 years and older to estimate trends from 1980 to 2018 in mean total, non-HDL and HDL cholesterol levels for 200 countries. Globally, there was little change in total or non-HDL cholesterol from 1980 to 2018. This was a net effect of increases in low- and middle-income countries, especially in east and southeast Asia, and decreases in high-income western countries, especially those in northwestern Europe, and in central and eastern Europe. As a result, countries with the highest level of non-HDL cholesterol—which is a marker of cardiovascular risk—changed from those in western Europe such as Belgium, Finland, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and Malta in 1980 to those in Asia and the Pacific, such as Tokelau, Malaysia, The Philippines and Thailand. In 2017, high non-HDL cholesterol was responsible for an estimated 3.9 million (95% credible interval 3.7 million–4.2 million) worldwide deaths, half of which occurred in east, southeast and south Asia. The global repositioning of lipid-related risk, with non-optimal cholesterol shifting from a distinct feature of high-income countries in northwestern Europe, north America and Australasia to one that affects countries in east and southeast Asia and Oceania should motivate the use of population-based policies and personal interventions to improve nutrition and enhance access to treatment throughout the world.


KeywordscholesterolHDL cholesterolrisk factorsregional differencesnutrition


Contributing organizations


Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2020

JUFO rating3


Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 22:06