A3 Book section, Chapters in research books
Finland : Changing Operational Environment Changing Finnish Educational Governance (2020)

Risku, M., & Tian, M. (2020). Finland : Changing Operational Environment Changing Finnish Educational Governance. In H. Ärlestig, & O. Johansson (Eds.), Educational Authorities and the Schools : Organisation and Impact in 20 States (pp. 37-54). Springer. Educational Governance Research, 13. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-38759-4_3

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Risku, Mika; Tian, Meng

Parent publication: Educational Authorities and the Schools : Organisation and Impact in 20 States

Parent publication editors: Ärlestig, Helene; Johansson, Olof

ISBN: 978-3-030-38758-7

eISBN: 978-3-030-38759-4

Journal or series: Educational Governance Research

ISSN: 2365-9548

eISSN: 2365-9556

Publication year: 2020

Number in series: 13

Pages range: 37-54

Number of pages in the book: 420

Publisher: Springer

Place of Publication: Cham

Publication country: Switzerland

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-38759-4_3

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:


The main purpose of this chapter is to examine how Finland is developing its educational governance to meet the challenges of its changing operational environment. For our examination, we applied two theoretical frameworks on education policy development. The one constructed in the Comparative Analysis of Dynamics in Education Politics Project (CADEP) by Simola, Kauko, Varjo, Kalalahti and Sahlström (Dynamics in education politics. Understanding and explaining the Finnish case. Routledge, Oxon and New York, 2017) provided us with the theoretical lenses of political situations, political possibilities and politicking, as well as with valuable contextual information. The one for the Policy Enactments in the Secondary School Project (PESSP) by Ball, Maguire and Braun (How schools do policy, policy enactment in secondary schools. Routledge, Oxon and New York, 2012) complemented the CADEP framework with valuable concepts for analysis, like interpretation/translation and implementation/enactment. Applying these theoretical frameworks, we were able to examine and describe the evolvement of Finnish state and local educational institutions and their relationship from the centralised, norm-based and system-oriented governance into a decentralised, information-based and result-oriented one. We could identify incidents of path dependence, convergence and contingency, as well as manifestations of power. In addition, the distinction between interpretation/translation and implementation/enactment proved purposeful for understanding education policy development.

Keywords: education policy; school administration; educational administration; state local government; human agency

Free keywords: education policy; Finland; institution; state; local authorities; agency

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

JUFO rating: 2

Last updated on 2021-07-07 at 21:36