A1 Journal article (refereed)
Acute Hemodynamic Responses to Combined Exercise and Sauna (2020)

Rissanen, J. A., Häkkinen, K., Laukkanen, J. A., & Häkkinen, A. (2020). Acute Hemodynamic Responses to Combined Exercise and Sauna. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 41(12), 824-831. https://doi.org/10.1055/a-1186-1716

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Rissanen, Joonas Antero; Häkkinen, Keijo; Laukkanen, Jari Antero; Häkkinen, Arja

Journal or series: International Journal of Sports Medicine

ISSN: 0172-4622

eISSN: 1439-3964

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 41

Issue number: 12

Pages range: 824-831

Publisher: Georg Thieme Verlag

Publication country: Germany

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1055/a-1186-1716

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:


This study investigated acute hemodynamic, plasma volume and immunological responses to four loading protocols: sauna only, and sauna after endurance,strength or combined endurance and strength exercise. Twenty-seven healthy,slightly prehypertensive men (age 32.7±6.9 years) were measured at PRE,MID (after exercise), POST, POST30min and POST24h. The measurements consisted systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, body temperature and concentrations of high-sensitive C-reactive protein, white blood cells andplasma volume measurements. Endurance+sauna showed significant decreasesin systolic blood pressure at POST (–8.9 mmHg), POST30min (–11.0mmHg) and POST24h (–4.6 mmHg). At POST30min, significant decreases werealso observed in sauna (–4.3 mmHg) and combined+sauna(–7.5 mmHg). Diastolic blood pressure decreased significantly from -5.4to –3.9 mmHg at POST in all loadings. Plasma volume decreasedsignificantly at MID in all exercise loadings and at POST inendurance+sauna and strength+sauna. Plasma volume increasedsignificantly (p < 0.01) in endurance+sauna and combined+sauna at POST24h. White blood cells increased following all exercise+sauna loadings at MID, POST and POST30min, whereas highsensitive C-reactive protein showed no changes at any measurement point. The combination of endurance exercise and sauna showed the greatest positive effectson blood pressure. Both loadings including endurance exercise increased plasmavolume on the next day.

Keywords: sauna bathing; strength training; endurance training; physiological effects; blood circulation; hypoxia; blood pressure; body temperature

Free keywords: hyperoxia; hypoxia; telemedicine; cardiac rehabilitation; heat-shock response; endurance training; strength training; blood pressure; body temperature; blood cells

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-15-06 at 16:33