A1 Journal article (refereed)
Cooperative N–H bond activation by amido-Ge(ii) cations (2020)

Zhou, X., Vasko, P., Hicks, J., Fuentes, M. A., Heilmann, A., Kolychev, E. L., & Aldridge, S. (2020). Cooperative N–H bond activation by amido-Ge(ii) cations. Dalton Transactions, 49(27), 9495-9504. https://doi.org/10.1039/d0dt01960g

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Zhou, Xueer; Vasko, Petra; Hicks, Jamie; Fuentes, M. Angeles; Heilmann, Andreas; Kolychev, Eugene L.; Aldridge, Simon

Journal or series: Dalton Transactions

ISSN: 1477-9226

eISSN: 1477-9234

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 49

Issue number: 27

Pages range: 9495-9504

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/d0dt01960g

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Partially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/71088


N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) and tertiary phosphine-stabilized germylium-ylidene cations, [R(L)Ge:]+, featuring tethered amido substituents at R have been synthesized via halide abstraction. Characterization in the solid state by X-ray crystallography shows these systems to be monomeric, featuring a two-coordinate C,N- or P,N-ligated germanium atom. The presence of the strongly Lewis acidic cationic germanium centre and proximal amide function allows for facile cleavage of N–H bonds in 1,2-fashion: the products resulting from reactions with carbazole feature a tethered secondary amine donor bound to a three-coordinate carbazolyl-GeII centre. In each case, addition of the components of the N–H bond occurs to the same face of the germanium amide function, consistent with a coordination/proton migration mechanism. Such as sequence is compatible with the idea that substrate coordination via the pπ orbital at germanium reduces the extent of N-to-Ge π donation from the amide, thereby enhancing the basicity of the proximal N-group.

Keywords: chemical bonds; coordination complexes; germanium

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Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2023-03-10 at 12:34