A1 Journal article (refereed)
Regional concentration of university graduates : The role of high school grades and parental background (2020)

Eliasson, K., Haapanen, M., & Westerlund, O. (2020). Regional concentration of university graduates : The role of high school grades and parental background. European Urban and Regional Studies, 27(4), 398-414. https://doi.org/10.1177/0969776420923133

The research was funded by Strategic Research Council at the Research Council of Finland.

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsEliasson, Kent; Haapanen, Mika; Westerlund, Olle

Journal or seriesEuropean Urban and Regional Studies



Publication year2020

Publication date24/06/2020


Issue number4

Pages range398-414

PublisherSAGE Publications

Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/71108

Additional informationKs. myös: Umeå Economic Studies, 966. Umeå University; https://ideas.repec.org/p/hhs/umnees/0966.html


In this paper, we analyse long-term changes in the regional distribution and migration flows of university graduates in Finland and Sweden. This study is based on detailed longitudinal population register data, including information on high school grades and parental background. We find a distinct pattern of skill divergence across regions in both countries over the last 3 decades. The uneven distribution of human capital has been reinforced by the mobility patterns of university graduates, for whom regional sorting by high school grades and parental background is evident. Our findings indicate that traditional measures of human capital concentration most likely underscore actual regional differences in productive skills.

Keywordsregional differencesinternal migrationacademic degree holdershuman capitallabour marketstudy performancefamily background

Free keywordshuman capital; local labour market areas (LMAs); migration; parental background; school grades; university graduates

Fields of science:

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Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2020

JUFO rating2

Last updated on 2024-22-04 at 23:12