A4 Artikkeli konferenssijulkaisussa
Hume’s Guillotine Resolved (2020)


Saariluoma, Pertti (2020). Hume’s Guillotine Resolved. In Rauterberg, Matthias (Eds.) C&C 2020 : Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Culture and Computing, Held as Part of the 22nd HCI International Conference, HCII 2020, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 12215. Cham: Springer, 123-132. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-50267-6_10


JYU-tekijät tai -toimittajat


Julkaisun tiedot

Julkaisun kaikki tekijät tai toimittajat: Saariluoma, Pertti

Emojulkaisu: C&C 2020 : Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Culture and Computing, Held as Part of the 22nd HCI International Conference, HCII 2020

Emojulkaisun toimittajat: Rauterberg, Matthias

Konferenssin paikka ja aika: Copenhagen, Denmark, 19.-24.7.2020

ISBN: 978-3-030-50266-9

eISBN: 978-3-030-50267-6

Lehti tai sarja: Lecture Notes in Computer Science

ISSN: 0302-9743

eISSN: 1611-3349

Julkaisuvuosi: 2020

Sarjan numero: 12215

Artikkelin sivunumerot: 123-132

Kirjan kokonaissivumäärä: 462

Kustantaja: Springer

Kustannuspaikka: Cham

Julkaisumaa: Sveitsi

Julkaisun kieli: englanti

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-50267-6_10

Avoin saatavuus: Julkaisukanava ei ole avoin


Tiivistelmä

According to Hume’s guillotine, one cannot derive values from facts. Since intelligent systems are fact processors, one can ask how ethical machines can be possible. However, ethics is a real-life process. People analyze actions and situations emotionally and cognitively. Thus they learn rules, such as “this situation feels good/bad.” The cognitive analysis of actions is associated with emotional analysis. The association of action, emotion and cognition can be termed a primary ethical schema. Through an ethical information process in which emotions and cognitions interact in social discourse, primary ethical schemas are refined into ethical norms. Each component of the process is different, but they cooperate to construct an ethical approach to thinking.

Hume’s guillotine mistakenly breaks down primary ethical schemas and juxtaposes emotions and cognitions. There is no ethics without coordinated emotional, cognitive and social analysis. Therefore, his theory can be seen as a pseudo problem.

In the future, ethical processes will involve intelligent systems that can make ethical choices. Weak ethical artificial intelligence (AI) systems can apply given ethical rules to data, while strong ethical AI systems can derive their own rules from data and knowledge about human emotions. Resolving Hume’s guillotine introduces new ways to develop stronger forms of ethical AI.


YSO-asiasanat: tekoäly; järjestelmäsuunnittelu; etiikka; kognitio; tunteet; sosiaaliset normit

Vapaat asiasanat: Humen giljotiini


Liittyvät organisaatiot


OKM-raportointi: Kyllä


Viimeisin päivitys 2020-10-07 klo 12:58