A1 Journal article (refereed)
Validity of Using Velocity to Estimate Intensity in Resistance Exercises in Men and Women (2020)

Pareja-Blanco, Fernando; Walker, Simon; Häkkinen, Keijo (2020). Validity of Using Velocity to Estimate Intensity in Resistance Exercises in Men and Women. International Journal of Sports Medicine, Early online. DOI: 10.1055/a-1171-2287

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Pareja-Blanco, Fernando; Walker, Simon; Häkkinen, Keijo

Journal or series: International Journal of Sports Medicine

ISSN: 0172-4622

eISSN: 1439-3964

Publication year: 2020

Volume: Early online

Publisher: Georg Thieme Verlag KG

Publication country: Germany

Publication language: English

DOI: http://doi.org/10.1055/a-1171-2287

Open Access: Publication channel is not openly available


This study aimed to examine the validity of using bar velocity to estimate relative load in squat and bench-press exercises for both young men and women. Twenty-five men and 25 women performed a progressive loading test up to 1-RM in the squat and bench-press exercises, which were repeated after 2-weeks. Relationships between mean propulsive velocity and%1-RM were analysed. A second-order polynomial equation for predicting the corresponding velocity of each percentage of 1-RM was developed for men (validation). This equation was then applied in women (cross-validation). Moreover, a specific equation for women was developed (validation) and was also applied in a sub-sample of women (cross-validation). Close relationships (R2: 0.91–0.95) between bar velocity and relative load were observed in both sexes for squat and bench press. Men’s equation applied to women showed a high level of agreement, although lower bias and higher level of agreement was observed when a sex-specific equation was applied in women, both validation and cross-validation samples. In conclusion, lifting velocity can be used to accurately prescribe the relative load regardless of sex in both upper-body and lower-body exercises, although when estimating load from velocity measures it will be necessary to use the sex-specific equation for each exercise.

Keywords: press-up; performance (physical capacity); velocity; explosive strength; gender

Free keywords: loading intensity; velocity-based training; maximal strength; one-repetition maximum; athletic performance; gender

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: No, publication in press

Last updated on 2020-21-07 at 10:38