A1 Journal article (refereed)
Assessment of nonnegative matrix factorization algorithms for electroencephalography spectral analysis (2020)

Hu, G., Zhou, T., Luo, S., Mahini, R., Xu, J., Chang, Y., & Cong, F. (2020). Assessment of nonnegative matrix factorization algorithms for electroencephalography spectral analysis. Biomedical Engineering Online, 19, Article 61. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12938-020-00796-x

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Hu, Guoqiang; Zhou, Tianyi; Luo, Siwen; Mahini, Reza; Xu, Jing; Chang, Yi; Cong, Fengyu

Journal or series: Biomedical Engineering Online

eISSN: 1475-925X

Publication year: 2020

Publication date: 31/07/2020

Volume: 19

Article number: 61

Publisher: BioMed Central

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12938-020-00796-x

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/71329


Nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) has been successfully used for electroencephalography (EEG) spectral analysis. Since NMF was proposed in the 1990s, many adaptive algorithms have been developed. However, the performance of their use in EEG data analysis has not been fully compared. Here, we provide a comparison of four NMF algorithms in terms of accuracy of estimation, stability (repeatability of the results) and time complexity of algorithms with simulated data. In the practical application of NMF algorithms, stability plays an important role, which was an emphasis in the comparison. A Hierarchical clustering algorithm was implemented to evaluate the stability of NMF algorithms.

In simulation-based comprehensive analysis of fit, stability, accuracy of estimation and time complexity, hierarchical alternating least squares (HALS) low-rank NMF algorithm (lraNMF_HALS) outperformed the other three NMF algorithms. In the application of lraNMF_HALS for real resting-state EEG data analysis, stable and interpretable features were extracted.

Based on the results of assessment, our recommendation is to use lraNMF_HALS, providing the most accurate and robust estimation.

Keywords: EEG; spectrum analysis; algorithms; clusters; stability (invariability)

Free keywords: nonnegative matrix factorization; stability; clustering; EEG

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-17-06 at 10:25