A1 Journal article (refereed)
Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Ethanol on Gold : Combination of Kinetic Experiments and Computation Approach to Unravel the Reaction Mechanism (2021)

Behravesh, E., Melander, M. M., Wärnå, J., Salmi, T., Honkala, K., & Murzin, D. Y. (2021). Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Ethanol on Gold : Combination of Kinetic Experiments and Computation Approach to Unravel the Reaction Mechanism. Journal of Catalysis, 394, 193-205. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcat.2020.07.022

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Behravesh, Erfan; Melander, Marko M.; Wärnå, Johan; Salmi, Tapio; Honkala, Karoliina; Murzin, Dmitry Yu.

Journal or series: Journal of Catalysis

ISSN: 0021-9517

eISSN: 1090-2694

Publication year: 2021

Volume: 394

Pages range: 193-205

Publisher: Elsevier

Publication country: United States

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcat.2020.07.022

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/74434


Selective alcohol dehydrogenation on heterogeneous catalysts is a key industrial reaction for production of aldehydes, ketones, and carboxylic compounds. Design of catalysts with improved activity and selectivity requires understanding of the reaction mechanism and kinetics. Herein, experiments, density functional theory (DFT) and kinetic modelling were combined to elucidate the mechanism and kinetics of ethanol oxidative dehydrogenation to acetaldehyde on gold catalysts. Catalytic experiments clearly emphasized the role of oxygen in this reaction. Ethanol conversion was rather independent on the gold cluster size. Formation of minor products, acetic acid and ethyl acetate was structure sensitive as on smaller clusters ethanol is less prone to oxidation reacting more efficiently with acetic acid to ethyl acetate. DFT calculations indicated that the activation of molecular oxygen is facilitated by the hydrogen bond donor e.g., ethanol, leading to hydrogen abstraction from the bond donor and formation of an OOH intermediate followed by its facile dissociation. Furthermore, the calculations show that ethanol oxidation along such pathway is thermodynamically feasible on smooth Au(111) facets. The kinetic model developed based on the concept of ethanol mediated activation of oxygen derived from DFT studies, qualitatively and quantitatively by data fitting reproduces experimental observations on ethanol oxidative dehydrogenation over gold on alumina catalyst. The concentration profiles in the catalyst particle were calculated numerically to evaluate the role of diffusion in the catalyst pores. Combining experiments and DFT with kinetic modelling provides a powerful way to unravel the mechanisms and kinetics of heterogeneous catalytic reactions.

Keywords: chemical reactions; reaction mechanisms; catalysis; ethanol; acetaldehyde; gold

Free keywords: ethanol oxidation; gold; mechanism; kinetics; DFT

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Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

JUFO rating: 2

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 13:26