A1 Journal article (refereed)
Using an integrated social cognition model to predict COVID‐19 preventive behaviours (2020)

Lin, C., Imani, V., Majd, N. R., Ghasemi, Z., Griffiths, M. D., Hamilton, K., Hagger, M. S., & Pakpour, A. H. (2020). Using an integrated social cognition model to predict COVID‐19 preventive behaviours. British Journal of Health Psychology, 25(4), 981-1005. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12465

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Lin, Chung‐Ying; Imani, Vida; Majd, Nilofar Rajabi; Ghasemi, Zahra; Griffiths, Mark D.; Hamilton, Kyra; Hagger, Martin S.; Pakpour, Amir H.

Journal or series: British Journal of Health Psychology

ISSN: 1359-107X

eISSN: 2044-8287

Publication year: 2020

Publication date: 11/08/2020

Volume: 25

Issue number: 4

Pages range: 981-1005

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12465

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Partially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/71403


Rates of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19) infections have rapidly increased worldwide and reached pandemic proportions. A suite of preventive behaviours have been recommended to minimize risk of COVID‐19 infection in the general population. The present study utilized an integrated social cognition model to explain COVID‐19 preventive behaviours in a sample from the Iranian general population.
The study adopted a three‐wave prospective correlational design.
Members of the general public (N = 1,718, M age = 33.34, SD = 15.77, male = 796, female = 922) agreed to participate in the study. Participants completed self‐report measures of demographic characteristics, intention, attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioural control, and action self‐efficacy at an initial data collection occasion. One week later, participants completed self‐report measures of maintenance self‐efficacy, action planning and coping planning, and, a further week later, measures of COVID‐19 preventive behaviours. Hypothesized relationships among social cognition constructs and COVID‐19 preventive behaviours according to the proposed integrated model were estimated using structural equation modelling.
The proposed model fitted the data well according to multiple goodness‐of‐fit criteria. All proposed relationships among model constructs were statistically significant. The social cognition constructs with the largest effects on COVID‐19 preventive behaviours were coping planning (β = .575, p < .001) and action planning (β = .267, p < .001).
Current findings may inform the development of behavioural interventions in health care contexts by identifying intervention targets. In particular, findings suggest targeting change in coping planning and action planning may be most effective in promoting participation in COVID‐19 preventive behaviours.

Keywords: health behaviour; communicable diseases; pandemics; COVID-19; pre-emption; social cognition; attitudes; intention; planning and design

Free keywords: attitude; behaviour change; intention; planning; preventive behaviours

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-17-06 at 11:38