A1 Journal article (refereed)
Profiling development of burnout over eight years : relation with job demands and resources (2021)


Mäkikangas, A., Leiter, M. P., Kinnunen, U., & Feldt, T. (2021). Profiling development of burnout over eight years : relation with job demands and resources. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 30(5), 720-731. https://doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2020.1790651


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Mäkikangas, Anne; Leiter, Michael P.; Kinnunen, Ulla; Feldt, Taru

Journal or series: European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology

ISSN: 1359-432X

eISSN: 1464-0643

Publication year: 2021

Publication date: 19/08/2020

Volume: 30

Issue number: 5

Pages range: 720-731

Publisher: Routledge

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2020.1790651

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Partially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/71518


Abstract

The aim of the present study was twofold: First, to profile the long-term development of burnout symptoms (exhaustion, cynicism and reduced professional efficacy), and second, to investigate the associations of developmental burnout profiles with job demands and resources. The study focused on Finnish white-collar professionals (N = 169) who participated in a survey five times during eight years (in 2006, 2008, 2010, 2012, and 2014). At each measurement time, the participants filled in the same scales of burnout, job demands and job resources. Using Latent Profile Analysis (LPA), three developmental profiles of burnout symptoms were identified: 1) Stable, low burnout (78%), 2) Exhaustion instigated, increasing burnout (12%), and 3) Cynicism and reduced professional efficacy dominated, inverted U-shaped burnout (10%). Exhaustion instigated, increasing burnout profile displayed the highest levels of job demands, whereas Cynicism and reduced professional efficacy dominated, inverted U-shaped burnout profile reported the lowest levels of job resources compared to members in other profiles. Recognizing the existence of the multiple sequential development of burnout symptoms and different patterns of job demands and the job resources behind them, this study suggests that burnout development does not follow a uniform shape, which reconciles previously inconsistent findings of variable-centred burnout research.


Keywords: occupational psychology; exhaustion; work burden; psychological strain; demands

Free keywords: burnout; longitudinal development; person-centred approach; job demands; job resources


Contributing organizations


Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

JUFO rating: 2


Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 14:04