A1 Journal article (refereed)
Implementation of the inclusive CICO Plus intervention for pupils at risk of severe behaviour problems in SWPBS schools (2020)

Karhu, A., Paananen, M., Närhi, V., & Savolainen, H. (2020). Implementation of the inclusive CICO Plus intervention for pupils at risk of severe behaviour problems in SWPBS schools. European Journal of Special Needs Education, 36(5), 758-772. https://doi.org/10.1080/08856257.2020.1809801

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Karhu, Anne; Paananen, Mika; Närhi, Vesa; Savolainen, Hannu

Journal or series: European Journal of Special Needs Education

ISSN: 0885-6257

eISSN: 1469-591X

Publication year: 2020

Publication date: 24/08/2020

Volume: 36

Issue number: 5

Pages range: 758-772

Publisher: Routledge

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/08856257.2020.1809801

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Partially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/71511


Check in–check out (CICO) is a widely used and studied behavioural intervention. Although CICO is an effective way to support pupils’ behaviour in a school context, not all pupils benefit from basic CICO. A single-case experimental study was designed to evaluate the effects of CICO Plus support (CICO Plus) for participants whose behaviour was determined to be non-responsive to basic CICO. CICO Plus was planned and implemented with four pupils identified by school CICO teams as needing additional behavioural support. Individual CICO Plus support was planned by multiprofessional teams working on each pupil’s case. The CICO Plus support was based on teaching social skills and behaviour at least three times a week in collaboration with families, schools and social and health care services. A concurrent multiple baseline design revealed increases in pupils’ appropriate behaviour in their targeted behavioural goals and decreases on pupils’ disruptive behaviour in school situations. Fidelity of the CICO Plus intervention and social validity among school personnel were also assessed. Results indicated that practical multiprofessional co-operation is essential to lay the groundwork for inclusive support for pupils at risk of severe problem behaviour.

Keywords: pupils; problem behaviour; social skills; psychosocial support; intervention

Free keywords: positive behaviour support; social skills; check in check out; behavioural interventions; multi-tiered support systems

Contributing organizations

Related projects

  • ProVarkaus 2
      • Savolainen, Hannu
    • Centre for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment of South Savo

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

Preliminary JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 15:17