A3 Book section, Chapters in research books
Becoming and Being a Creative and Entrepreneurial Mum in Finland (2020)

Ikonen, H.-M. (2020). Becoming and Being a Creative and Entrepreneurial Mum in Finland. In S. Taylor, & S. Luckman (Eds.), Pathways into Creative Working Lives (pp. 193-209). Palgrave Macmillan. Creative Working Lives. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-38246-9_11

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Ikonen, Hanna-Mari

Parent publication: Pathways into Creative Working Lives

Parent publication editors: Taylor, Stephanie; Luckman, Susan

ISBN: 978-3-030-38245-2

eISBN: 978-3-030-38246-9

Journal or series: Creative Working Lives

ISSN: 2662-415X

eISSN: 2662-4168

Publication year: 2020

Pages range: 193-209

Number of pages in the book: 289

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

Place of Publication: Cham

Publication country: Switzerland

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-38246-9_11

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/71735


This chapter explores the pathways of mothers with young children into cultural and creative industries (CCIs). These women can be described as mumpreneurs, meaning that they combine running a business enterprise with looking after their children. Typically unstable, insecure, and unpredictable, CCIs also offer scope for great self-engagement and personal satisfaction. At the same time, the current culture of intensive mothering has made motherhood more challenging than in the past. Mumpreneurship may be a way to ‘have it all’ for the women interviewed for this study. However, critical researchers have suggested that this individual ‘choice’ locks women into marginalised roles in the neoliberal economy and makes them scale back their dreams. This chapter focuses on the experiences of mothers in Finland. The ways that they balance motherhood and creative entrepreneurship are interpreted in the context of CCI work cultures and Finnish social and labour market policy. The chapter suggests that the Finnish childcare system, the culture of women’s work, and the scarcity of waged work in CCIs together explain why Finnish mumpreneurs talk about their situation in rather positive terms.

Keywords: entrepreneurship; creative industries; maternity; parenthood; working life

Free keywords: creative entrepreneurship; mumpreneurship; intensive mothering; Finland

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

JUFO rating: 3

Last updated on 2021-07-07 at 21:36