A1 Journal article (refereed)
The use of calcined paper mill sludge as a chemical precipitant in the simultaneous removal of ammonium and phosphate : paper mill waste recycling and reuse (2020)


Myllymäki, P., Pesonen, J., Romar, H., Hu, T., Tynjälä, P., & Lassi, U. (2020). The use of calcined paper mill sludge as a chemical precipitant in the simultaneous removal of ammonium and phosphate : paper mill waste recycling and reuse. Desalination and Water Treatment, 194, 459-467. https://doi.org/10.5004/dwt.2020.25385


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Myllymäki, Pekka; Pesonen, Janne; Romar, Henrik; Hu, Tao; Tynjälä, Pekka; Lassi, Ulla

Journal or series: Desalination and Water Treatment

ISSN: 1944-3994

eISSN: 1944-3986

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 194

Pages range: 459-467

Publisher: Desalination Publications

Publication country: United States

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5004/dwt.2020.25385

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/72160


Abstract

Currently, recycling and re-use of materials is extremely important due to the diminishing of natural resources. The objective of the European Union’s circular economy strategy is to increase recycling and the use of industrial waste materials and side streams as secondary raw materials. In this study, a chemical precipitation method to simultaneously remove ammonium nitrogen and phosphate from the liquid phase of anaerobic digestate using calcined paper mill sludge was studied. Papermill sludge is a waste material that forms in the paper-making process. In addition, commercial calcium oxide (CaO) was used as a reference precipitant. The suitability of the formed precipitate’s composition for recycled fertilizer use was also considered. The study results indicated that calcined paper mill sludge was as effective precipitant as commercial CaO in the removal of ammonium nitrogen and phosphate from the synthetic wastewater. In addition, the results indicated that calcined paper mill sludge removed efficiently phosphate from the liquid phase of anaerobic digestate, which led to the formation of hydroxyapatite, Ca5(PO4)3(OH). In this research we have shown, that calcined paper mill sludge can be used to produce recycled, slow-release, solid fertilizer. Another possible reaction, such as adsorption was also considered.


Keywords: sludge; paper industry; pulp and paper industry; waste utilisation; precipitation (active); ammonium nitrate; phosphates; fertilisers

Free keywords: Ammonium nitrogen; Calcined paper mill sludge; Hydroxyapatite; Phosphate; Precipitation; Recycled fertilizer


Contributing organizations


Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

JUFO rating: 1


Last updated on 2021-09-08 at 13:47