A1 Journal article (refereed)
Gauge-invariant condensation in the nonequilibrium quark-gluon plasma (2020)


Berges, Jürgen; Boguslavski, Kirill; Mace, Mark; Pawlowski, Jan M. (2020). Gauge-invariant condensation in the nonequilibrium quark-gluon plasma. Physical Review D, 102 (3), 034014. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.102.034014


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Berges, Jürgen; Boguslavski, Kirill; Mace, Mark; Pawlowski, Jan M.

Journal or series: Physical Review D

ISSN: 2470-0010

eISSN: 2470-0029

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 102

Issue number: 3

Article number: 034014

Publisher: American Physical Society (APS)

Publication country: United States

Publication language: English

DOI: http://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.102.034014

Open Access: Open access publication published in a hybrid channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/71687

Web address of parallel published publication (pre-print): https://arxiv.org/abs/1909.06147


Abstract

The large density of gluons, which is present shortly after a nuclear collision at very high energies, can lead to the formation of a condensate. We identify a gauge-invariant order parameter for condensation based on elementary nonperturbative excitations of the plasma, which are described by spatial Wilson loops. Using real-time lattice simulations, we demonstrate that a self-similar transport process towards low momenta builds up a macroscopic zero mode. Our findings reveal intriguing similarities to recent discoveries of condensation phenomena out of equilibrium in table-top experiments with ultracold Bose gases.


Keywords: particle physics


Contributing organizations


Related projects

CGCglasmaQGP The nonlinear high energy regime of Quantum Chromodynamics
Lappi, Tuomas
European Commission
01/10/2016-30/09/2021


Ministry reporting: Yes

Preliminary JUFO rating: 2


Last updated on 2020-08-09 at 12:50