A2 Review article, Literature review, Systematic review
Politicisation of Travelling : Interrail and Freedom (2020)

Palonen, K. (2020). Politicisation of Travelling : Interrail and Freedom. Journal of Autonomy and Security Studies, 4(1), 64-81. https://jass.ax/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/JASS_Palonen.pdf

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Palonen, Kari

Journal or series: Journal of Autonomy and Security Studies

eISSN: 2489-4265

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 4

Issue number: 1

Pages range: 64-81

Publisher: Ålands fredsinstitut

Publication country: Finland

Publication language: English

Persistent website address: https://jass.ax/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/JASS_Palonen.pdf

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/71713


Travelling is today an important aspect of the European political agenda-setting of both individual actors and institutions. The paradigms of car and air travel are contested in terms of climate change; I continue the contestation from the perspective of political liberty. Three paradigms of personal travel – by car, by flight and by train – are confronted with two concepts of liberty: the freedom from interference versus the freedom from dependence.

Three ideal types of travel – travelling to, travelling away and travelling around – are judged from the perspective of the two freedoms. Train travel by Interrail is a political innovation that links the freedom of movement to the freedom from dependence on the national states. The EU could offer, with systematic and coherent pro-railway support, travellers’ freedom from dependence, and I suggest some simple pro-railway measures and steps towards parliamentarisation of travel politics. The conceptual point of the article is that freedom of movement can also be regarded as a part of freedom from dependence. In the Postscript I dispute the closing of borders under the corona lockdown and speculate how to retain the freedom of train travel under the condition of keeping the necessary distance from others.

Keywords: politicisation; tourism; travel; interrail tourism; train travel; freedom of movement; freedom; independence; tourism policy

Free keywords: politicisation; travel politics; freedom from dependence; freedom from interference; freedom of movement; interrail; Skinner, Quentin; Weber, Max; European Union

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2021-20-09 at 16:29