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Hybrid Warfare in Society's Information Environment : An Empirical Analysis Using the Grounded Theory (2020)


Mustonen-Ollila, Erja; Lehto, Martti J.; Heikkonen, Jukka (2020). Hybrid Warfare in Society's Information Environment : An Empirical Analysis Using the Grounded Theory. In Eze, Thaddeus; Speakman, Lee; Onwubiko, Cyril (Eds.) ECCWS 2020 : Proceedings of the 19th European Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security, Proceedings of the European conference on information warfare and security. Academic Conferences International, 258-267. DOI: 10.34190/EWS.20.006


JYU-tekijät tai -toimittajat


Julkaisun tiedot

Julkaisun kaikki tekijät tai toimittajat: Mustonen-Ollila, Erja; Lehto, Martti J.; Heikkonen, Jukka

Emojulkaisu: ECCWS 2020 : Proceedings of the 19th European Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security

Emojulkaisun toimittajat: Eze, Thaddeus; Speakman, Lee; Onwubiko, Cyril

Konferenssi:

  • European Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security

Konferenssin paikka ja aika: University of Chester, UK (virtual conference), 25-26.6.2020

ISBN: 978-1-912764-61-7

eISBN: 978-1-912764-62-4

Lehti tai sarja: Proceedings of the European conference on information warfare and security

ISSN: 2048-8602

eISSN: 2048-8610

Julkaisuvuosi: 2020

Artikkelin sivunumerot: 258-267

Kustantaja: Academic Conferences International

Julkaisumaa: Britannia

Julkaisun kieli: englanti

DOI: https://doi.org/10.34190/EWS.20.006

Avoin saatavuus: Julkaisukanava ei ole avoin


Tiivistelmä

This paper investigates hybrid warfare by analysing its dimensions, that is, hybrid influencing, information warfare, kinetic warfare and cyber warfare, in a society’s information environment. The Grounded Theory approach was used to collect and analyse the data. Evidence of four thematic categories emerged, and each category was broken down into multiple items, derived from data and validated by past studies. The number of discovered item observations was 119, that is, 1–20 multiple item categories per thematic category, forming a total of 44 item categories. In this study, four thematic categories, their item categories and relationships between thematic categories defined the concept of hybrid warfare. Propositions regarding the thematic categories were then made on the basis of the inter-relationships between them. Seven higher-level abstractions of statements were found in the conceptual framework. Finally, six conclusions emerged from this study. First, modifying a society’s IE for a foreign state’s purposes is a coordinated political goal. Second, external pressure from foreign states is constant and seeks new forms of influencing. Third, a strategic goal exists to weaken society’s IE through frequent cyber operations, cyber attacks, fake information, social influence, political influence and psychological influence in order to prevent the progress of the society. Fourth, the goal of military manoeuvres and constant exercises with new military weapons near borders is to threaten the society. Fifth, foreign actors use different types of warfare to prevent the society’s decision-making. Sixth, hybrid influencing, information warfare, kinetic warfare and cyber warfare all overlap with each other in the society’s IE.


YSO-asiasanat: hybridisota; informaatiosodankäynti; vaikuttaminen; disinformaatio; kybersodankäynti; käsiteanalyysi; grounded theory

Vapaat asiasanat: information environment; hybrid influencing


Liittyvät organisaatiot


OKM-raportointi: Kyllä

Alustava JUFO-taso: 1


Viimeisin päivitys 2020-05-10 klo 15:53