A1 Journal article (refereed)
Considering lithium-ion battery 3D-printing via thermoplastic material extrusion and polymer powder bed fusion (2021)

Maurel, A., Haukka, M., MacDonald, E., Kivijärvi, L., Lahtinen, E., Kim, H., Armand, M., Cayla, A., Jamali, A., Grugeon, S., Dupont, L., & Panier, S. (2021). Considering lithium-ion battery 3D-printing via thermoplastic material extrusion and polymer powder bed fusion. Additive Manufacturing, 37, Article 101651. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addma.2020.101651

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsMaurel, Alexis; Haukka, Matti; MacDonald, Eric; Kivijärvi, Lauri; Lahtinen, Elmeri; Kim, Hyeonseok; Armand, Michel; Cayla, Aurélie; Jamali, Arash; Grugeon, Sylvie; et al.

Journal or seriesAdditive Manufacturing



Publication year2021


Article number101651

PublisherElsevier BV

Publication countryNetherlands

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessNot open

Publication channel open access

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/73757


In this paper, the ability to 3D print lithium-ion batteries through thermoplastic material extrusion and polymer powder bed fusion is considered. Focused on the formulation of positive electrodes composed of polypropylene, LiFePO4 as active material, and conductive additives, advantages and drawbacks of both additive manufacturing technologies, are thoroughly discussed from the electrochemical, electrical, morphological and mechanical perspectives. Based on these preliminary results, strategies to further optimize the electrochemical performances are proposed. Through a comprehensive modeling study, the enhanced electrochemical suitability at high current densities of various complex three-dimensional lithium-ion battery architectures, in comparison with classical two-dimensional planar design, is highlighted. Finally, the direct printing capability of the complete lithium-ion battery by means of multi-materials printing options processes is examined.

Keywordslithium-ion batterieselectrodescomposites3D printingmanufacturing engineeringelectrochemistryperformance (capacity)materials (matter)

Free keywordsLithium-ion battery; electrodes; material extrusion; powder bed fusion; composites

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2021

JUFO rating2

Last updated on 2024-22-04 at 21:55