A1 Journal article (refereed)
A one-year follow-up of basic psychological need satisfactions in physical education and associated in-class and total physical activity (2020)


Gråstén, Arto; Yli-Piipari, Sami; Huhtiniemi, Mikko; Salin, Kasper; Hakonen, Harto; Jaakkola, Timo (2020). A one-year follow-up of basic psychological need satisfactions in physical education and associated in-class and total physical activity. European Physical Education Review, OnlineFirst. DOI: 10.1177/1356336X20957356


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Gråstén, Arto; Yli-Piipari, Sami; Huhtiniemi, Mikko; Salin, Kasper; Hakonen, Harto; Jaakkola, Timo

Journal or series: European Physical Education Review

ISSN: 1356-336X

eISSN: 1741-2749

Publication year: 2020

Volume: OnlineFirst

Publisher: Sage Publications

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1356336X20957356

Open Access: Publication channel is not openly available

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/73745


Abstract

This study examined basic psychological need satisfactions for competence, autonomy, and social relatedness in physical education (PE) and their contributions to accelerometer-based in-class and total moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) across a one-year follow-up (T1). Participants were 523 students (girls 280, boys 243; mean age = 11.26 ± 0.31) and the data were collected using self-reports and waist-worn accelerometers. The key findings were: (a) competence and social relatedness need satisfaction at baseline (T0) predicted total MVPA at T1 via total MVPA at T0; (b) in-class MVPA at T0 predicted total MVPA at T1 via total MVPA at T0; (c) in-class MVPA was directly associated with total MVPA at T0 and T1; and (d) boys scored higher than girls on competence and relatedness need satisfaction at T0. These findings indicate that the need satisfactions for competence and social relatedness in PE are central components facilitating the greatest increases in total MVPA participation. To improve student outcomes, it is essential that all children receive positive and satisfying PE experiences. Enhancing the readiness and capability of pre- and in-service teachers through teacher training programmes is vital to raising awareness of the basic psychological need satisfactions behind autonomous motivation and greater MVPA engagement.


Keywords: children (age groups); physical activeness; physical education (school subject); psychological factors; needs; competence; autonomy (cognition); social relations

Free keywords: competence; autonomy; social relatedness; school; cross-lagged model


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Preliminary JUFO rating: 1


Last updated on 2021-21-01 at 16:24