A1 Journal article (refereed)
Multifactorial individualised programme for hamstring muscle injury risk reduction in professional football : protocol for a prospective cohort study (2020)

Lahti, J., Mendiguchia, J., Ahtiainen, J., Anula, L., Kononen, T., Kujala, M., Matinlauri, A., Peltonen, V., Thibault, M., Toivonen, R.-M., Edouard, P., & Morin, J. B. (2020). Multifactorial individualised programme for hamstring muscle injury risk reduction in professional football : protocol for a prospective cohort study. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 6, Article e000758. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2020-000758

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Lahti, Johan; Mendiguchia, Jurdan; Ahtiainen, Juha; Anula, Luis; Kononen, Tuomas; Kujala, Mikko; Matinlauri, Anton; Peltonen, Ville; Thibault, Max; Toivonen, Risto-Matti; et al.

Journal or series: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine

eISSN: 2055-7647

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 6

Article number: e000758

Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group Ltd; British Association of Sport and Exercise Medicine

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2020-000758

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/72270

Additional information: Protocol.


Introduction: Hamstring muscle injuries (HMI) continue to plague professional football. Several scientific publications have encouraged a multifactorial approach; however, no multifactorial HMI risk reduction studies have been conducted in professional football. Furthermore, individualisation of HMI management programmes has only been researched in a rehabilitation setting. Therefore, this study aims to determine if a specific multifactorial and individualised programme can reduce HMI occurrence in professional football.

Methods and analysis: We conducted a prospective cohort study over two seasons within the Finnish Premier League and compare the amount of HMI sustained during a control season to an intervention season. Injury data and sport exposure were collected during the two seasons (2019–2020), and a multifactorial and individualised HMI risk reduction programme will be implemented during intervention season (2020). After a hamstring screening protocol is completed, individual training will be defined for each player within several categories: lumbo-pelvic control, range of motion, posterior chain strength, sprint mechanical output and an additional non-individualised ‘training for all players’ category. Screening and respective updates to training programmes were conducted three times during the season. The outcome will be to compare if there is a significant effect of the intervention on the HMI occurrence using Cox regression analysis.

Ethics and dissemination: Approval for the injury and sport exposure data collection was obtained by the Saint-Etienne University Hospital Ethics Committee (request number: IORG0007394; record number IRBN322016/CHUSTE). Approval for the intervention season was obtained from the Central Finland healthcare District (request and record number: U6/2019).

Keywords: sports injuries; prevention; football; football players; intervention study; cohort study

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 15:05