A4 Article in conference proceedings
Differential Effects of Trait Empathy on Functional Network Centrality (2020)


Moorthigari, Vishnu; Carlson, Emily; Toiviainen, Petri; Brattico, Elvira; Alluri, Vinoo (2020). Differential Effects of Trait Empathy on Functional Network Centrality. In Mahmud, Mufti; Vassanelli, Stefano; Kaiser, M. Shamim; Zhong, Ning (Eds.) BI 2020 : 13th International Conference on Brain Informatics, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 12241. Cham: Springer, 107-117. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-59277-6_10


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Publication details

All authors or editors: Moorthigari, Vishnu; Carlson, Emily; Toiviainen, Petri; Brattico, Elvira; Alluri, Vinoo

Parent publication: BI 2020 : 13th International Conference on Brain Informatics, Proceedings

Parent publication editors: Mahmud, Mufti; Vassanelli, Stefano; Kaiser, M. Shamim; Zhong, Ning

Conference:

International Conference on Brain Informatics

Place and date of conference: Padua, Italy, 19.9.2020

ISBN: 978-3-030-59276-9

eISBN: 978-3-030-59277-6

Journal or series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science

ISSN: 0302-9743

eISSN: 1611-3349

Publication year: 2020

Number in series: 12241

Pages range: 107-117

Number of pages in the book: 378

Publisher: Springer

Place of Publication: Cham

Publication country: Switzerland

Publication language: English

DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-59277-6_10

Open Access: Publication channel is not openly available


Abstract

Previous research has shown that empathy, a fundamental component of human social functioning, is engaged when listening to music. Neuroimaging studies of empathy processing in music have, however, been limited. fMRI analysis methods based on graph theory have recently gained popularity as they are capable of illustrating global patterns of functional connectivity, which could be very useful in studying complex traits such as empathy. The current study examines the role of trait empathy, including cognitive and affective facets, on whole-brain functional network centrality in 36 participants listening to music in a naturalistic setting. Voxel-wise eigenvector centrality mapping was calculated as it provides us with an understanding of globally distributed centres of coordination associated with the processing of empathy. Partial correlation between Eigenvector centrality and measures of empathy showed that cognitive empathy is associated with higher centrality in the sensorimotor regions responsible for motor mimicry while affective empathy showed higher centrality in regions related to auditory affect processing. Results are discussed in relation to various theoretical models of empathy and music cognition.


Keywords: music psychology; music; empathy; cognitive processes; functional magnetic resonance imaging

Free keywords: eigenvector centrality; cognitive empathy; affective empathy; naturalistic paradigm; music listening


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Preliminary JUFO rating: 1


Last updated on 2020-20-10 at 13:14