A1 Journal article (refereed)
Feasibility and reproducibility of electroencephalography-based corticokinematic coherence (2020)

Piitulainen, Harri; Illman, Mia Johanna; Jousmäki, Veikko; Bourguignon, Mathieu (2020). Feasibility and reproducibility of electroencephalography-based corticokinematic coherence. Journal of Neurophysiology, 124 (6), 1959-1967. DOI: 10.1152/jn.00562.2020

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Publication details

All authors or editors: Piitulainen, Harri; Illman, Mia Johanna; Jousmäki, Veikko; Bourguignon, Mathieu

Journal or series: Journal of Neurophysiology

ISSN: 0022-3077

eISSN: 1522-1598

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 124

Issue number: 6

Pages range: 1959-1967

Publisher: American Physiological Society

Publication country: United States

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.00562.2020

Open Access: Publication channel is not openly available

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/72444


Corticokinematic coherence (CKC) is the phase coupling between limb kinematics and cortical neurophysiological signals reflecting cortical processing of proprioceptive afference, and is reproducible when estimated with magnetoencephalography (MEG). However, feasibility and reproducibility of CKC based on electroencephalography (EEG) is still unclear and is the primary object of the present report. Thirteen healthy right-handed volunteers (7 females, 21.7 ± 4.3 years) participated two separate EEG sessions 12.6±1.3 months apart. Participants' dominant and non-dominant index finger was continuously moved at 3 Hz for 4 min separately using a pneumatic-movement actuator. Coherence was computed between finger acceleration and three derivations of EEG signals: (1) average reference, (2) bipolar derivations, and (3) surface Laplacian. CKC strength was defined as the peak coherence value at the movement frequency. Intraclass-correlation coefficient values (0.74-0.93) indicated excellent inter-session reproducibility for CKC strength for all derivations and moved fingers. CKC strength obtained with EEG was ~2 times lower compared to MEG but the values were positively correlated across the participants. CKC strength was significantly (p<0.01) higher for bipolar (session-1 0.19±0.09; session-2 0.20±0.10) and surface Laplacian (session-1 0.22±0.09; session-2 0.21±0.09) derivations than for the average reference (session 1 0.10±0.04; session 2, 0.11±0.05). We demonstrated that CKC is feasible and reproducible tool to monitor proprioception using EEG recordings, although the strength of CKC was twice lower for EEG compared to MEG. Laplacian and bipolar (CP3-C1/CP3-C3 and CP4-C2/C4-FC2) EEG derivation(s) are recommended for future research and clinical use of CKC method.

Keywords: neurosciences; biomechanics; kinaesthesia; EEG; repeatability

Free keywords: proprioception; repeatability; kinematics; electroencephalography; somatosensory

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Last updated on 2021-05-01 at 10:33