A1 Journal article (refereed)
Early Antecedents of School Burnout in Upper Secondary Education : A Five-year Longitudinal Study (2021)

Parviainen, M., Aunola, K., Torppa, M., Lerkkanen, M.-K., Poikkeus, A.-M., & Vasalampi, K. (2021). Early Antecedents of School Burnout in Upper Secondary Education : A Five-year Longitudinal Study. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 50(2), 231-245. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-020-01331-w

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsParviainen, Milja; Aunola, Kaisa; Torppa, Minna; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Vasalampi, Kati

Journal or seriesJournal of Youth and Adolescence



Publication year2021

Publication date30/10/2020


Issue number2

Pages range231-245


Publication countryUnited States

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/72476


School burnout symptoms are prevalent among upper secondary education students, but thus far, very little is known about the background of these symptoms. The present study examined the extent to which school burnout symptoms (i.e., exhaustion and cynicism) among upper secondary education students have their roots in primary and lower secondary school and whether early antecedents of school burnout symptoms could be identified. The sample consisted of 1544 Finnish students followed up four times (Time1–Time 4) from the end of primary school (T1; mean age 12.74 and range 11.71–14.20) to the first year of upper secondary education (T4; mean age 16.66 and range 15.55–18.39). The results of latent growth curve modeling showed that school burnout symptoms in upper secondary education were predicted by the level of school burnout symptoms at the end of primary school and by an increase in these symptoms across the transition from primary school through lower secondary school. In addition, psychological well-being, academic skills, and gender were found to contribute to the prediction of school burnout symptoms. Overall, the present study suggest that potential warning signs of school burnout should not be ignored and attention should be directed to earlier education phases.

Keywordspupilsexhaustionmental well-beingsecondary educationlongitudinal research

Free keywordsschool burnout; academic skills; psychological well-being; upper secondary education; developmental trajectories

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2021

JUFO rating2

Last updated on 2024-22-04 at 22:35