A1 Journal article (refereed)
Virtual proximity and transnational familyhood : a case study of the digital communication practices of Poles living in Finland (2021)

Kędra, J. (2021). Virtual proximity and transnational familyhood : a case study of the digital communication practices of Poles living in Finland. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 42(5), 462-474. https://doi.org/10.1080/01434632.2020.1839084

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Kędra, Joanna

Journal or series: Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development

ISSN: 0143-4632

eISSN: 1747-7557

Publication year: 2021

Volume: 42

Issue number: 5

Pages range: 462-474

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01434632.2020.1839084

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Partially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/72488


The article presents a study of five Polish multicultural and multilingual families in Finland, and their engagement in digitally mediated family communication. Explored through an ethnographic inquiry into the in-app communication practices of Polish migrant mothers and children, the study contributes to the body of research at the intersection of new media and communication, transnational family and migration studies, and family multilingualism. Building on the concept of virtual proximity, which refers to the emotional closeness between individuals afforded by digital technologies and mobile communication, the study identifies four thematic patterns in participants’ practices in digital habitats: (i) children’s agency in creating family WhatsApp groups, (ii) the use of family in-app communication for language learning purposes, (iii) digital caregiving strategies and arrangements, and (iv) the use of digital photo-sharing as a form of visual co-presence. Children’s and mothers’ practices in digitally mediated communication differ from each other, but they lead to the formation of transnational familyhood in digital habitats. In this context, achieving virtual proximity by digital means helps to fulfil aspirations to remain a family across distance.

Keywords: communication; multicultural marriage; multiculturalism; family members; Polish people; migrants; instant messaging clients

Free keywords: digital communication; transnational family; virtual proximity; polish migrants; WhatsApp; digital habitat

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

Preliminary JUFO rating: 2

Last updated on 2021-07-07 at 17:55