A1 Journal article (refereed)
The demand for IPR services - to use or not to use a professional representative? (2021)

Heikkilä, J. (2021). The demand for IPR services - to use or not to use a professional representative?. International Journal of Intellectual Property Management, 11(3), 316-324. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJIPM.2020.10033293

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Heikkilä, Jussi

Journal or series: International Journal of Intellectual Property Management

ISSN: 1478-9647

eISSN: 1478-9655

Publication year: 2021

Volume: 11

Issue number: 3

Pages range: 316-324

Publisher: Inderscience Publishers

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1504/IJIPM.2020.10033293

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/77607


We analysed the use of professional representative services and related outcomes in patent, utility model, design right and trademark filings. We found that: 1) there is a positive association between the use of a professional representative and the likelihood of grant or registration; 2) the demand for professional intellectual property rights (IPR) services is heterogeneous between IPR types: applicants are most likely to hire professional representatives (IPR agents and attorneys) for patents, followed by utility models, design rights and trademarks; 3) individual applicants are less likely to use professional representatives compared to firm applicants.

Keywords: patents; trademarks; design rights; utility models; representatives

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 13:08