A1 Journal article (refereed)
Relationships Between Health Promoting Activities, Life Satisfaction, and Depressive Symptoms in Unemployed Individuals (2021)

Chatzisarantis, N. L. D., Kamarova, S., Twomey, C., Hansen, G., Harris, M., Windus, J., Bateson, A., & Hagger, M. S. (2021). Relationships Between Health Promoting Activities, Life Satisfaction, and Depressive Symptoms in Unemployed Individuals. European Journal of Health Psychology, 28(1), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1027/2512-8442/a000058

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsChatzisarantis, Nikos L. D.; Kamarova, Sviatlana; Twomey, Chris; Hansen, Graham; Harris, Mark; Windus, John; Bateson, Alan; Hagger, Martin S.

Journal or seriesEuropean Journal of Health Psychology



Publication year2021

Publication date23/11/2020


Issue number1

Pages range1-12

PublisherHogrefe Verlag GmbH & Co. KG

Publication countryGermany

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessNot open

Publication channel open access

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/73920


Background: Previous research has documented that unemployed individuals who engage in recreational activities, either alone or with others, experience higher levels of mental health and psychological well-being relative to those who do not engage in recreational activities.
Aims: In this study, we examined whether engagement in health promoting activities, alone or with other family members, is associated with reduced levels of depression and enhanced levels of life satisfaction in unemployed individuals.
Method: We employed a cross-sectional design in which we measured life satisfaction, depressive symptoms, consumption of healthy meals and engagement in physical activities in 203 unemployed individuals (male = 90, female = 113, age= 33.79, SD = 11.16).
Results: Independent of age, gender, and partner employment status, hierarchical regression analyses revealed statistically significant effects for social forms of healthy eating (consumption of healthy meals with others) and solitary forms of physical activity (exercising alone) on depressive symptoms and life satisfaction.
Limitations: The research design was cross-sectional using self-report questionnaires. The present study does not to explain why and how health promoting activities enhance well-being outcomes among the unemployed.
Conclusions: These findings highlight the importance of measuring engagement in health promoting activities through separate constructs that capture engagement in social and solitary health promoting activities and suggest that unemployed individuals are likely to experience optimal levels of psychological well-being if they exercise alone and consume healthy meals with other family members.

Keywordsunemployed peopleunemploymentwell-beingmental well-beinghealth behaviourphysical activityparticipation

Free keywordspsychological well-being; physical activity; healthy eating; unemployment

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2021

JUFO rating0

Last updated on 2024-22-04 at 22:26